Opportunity to become friends nov 14 criminal justice

This preview shows page 27 - 30 out of 46 pages.

Opportunity to become friends Nov 14 Criminal Justice Crime in Society Crime (and deviance) is socially constructed Establishment of laws inevitability generates conflicts over shoes values should prevails The formation and the administration of laws are political biased Examples: abortion, drinking age, smoking brands, drug laws Fair sentencing Act 2010) reduced crack cocaine v. powder cocaine sentencing disparity fromm 100:1 to 18:1 and eliminated the 5-year mandatory minimum from possession of crack cocaine Crime Rates FBI’s Uniform Crime Rates (UCR) Based on arrest figures adn reports supplied by law enforcement around the country Violent crimes: murder, forcible raoe, robbery, and agravated assault Property crimes: Burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, arson Limitations of Crime Statistics Includes only crimes reported to police Minorities are less likely to contact police Incidents of rape and domestic assault are underreported Excludes many other criminal offenses Focuses on traditional street crimes and omits white collar, corporate, and organized crime
National Crime victimization Survey Initiated in 1972 by the US dept. Of Justice surveys 135,000 households yearly on whether they were victims of a specific set of crimes 44% of violent victimizations were not reported to the police Simple and sexual assault are the least likely to be reported Violent and property crimes At lowest levels in over three decades Murder and non-negligent manslaughter Significant decrease since 1989 Demographic Characteristics of people arrested for crime Sex Higher rates of male arrests than females Women's crime rates are increasing Age Young people commit a disproportionate amount of street crimes Social Class Those arrested are mostly the poor, the undereducated, and the unemployed Race Blacks constitute 39.4% of arrests for violent crimes and 30.1% of arrests for property crimes Unjust system of justice:judicial process Magistrate and the Setting of Bail Discretion of the Magistrate 8th Amendment (specifically forbids excessive bail) frequently violated Plea Bargaining Reduce caseloads Fewer than 10% of people charged go to trial Nov. 16 Judicial Process: Adversary System
95% of all elected prosecutors are White 80% of which are men 4% are minority men 1% are women of color 80-90% of all felony defendants are too poor to hire their own attorney Gideon v, Wainwright (1963) 76% of county based public defenders have a felony caseload which exceeds recommended limits 40% of county-based public defender offices have no investigator on staff Judicial Process: Trial By Jury Jury pools legally mandated to represent community population Peremptory strikes Typically underrepresented: minorities, unregistered voters, students, low-prestige occupational groups It is illegal to cut jurors based on race or gender but very different to prove (Black jurors are still disproportionately cut) Judicial Process: Sentencing mandatory> judges forced to incarcerate violent and habitual criminals Three strike rule Ineffective at reducing crime rates Significantly increased prison pop.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture