The preparatory stageMead is best known for his theory ofthe self.Suppose that a clerk tries to appear busier than he or she actually is when a supervisor happens to be watching. Erving Goffman would study this behavior from a(an) __________ approach.interactionistAccording to Jean Piaget, children begin to use words and symbols to distinguish objects and ideas during the __________stage in the development of thought processes.PreoperationalAssuming new social and occupational positions occasionally requires us to unlearn a previous orientation. We refer to this process as __________.resocializationWhich social institution is seen as the most important agent of socialization in the United States, especially for children?the familyThe belief that schools in this country foster competition through built-in systems of rewards and punishments is an example of the __________ sociological perspective.conflictWhich of the following statements about peer groups is NOT true?Peer groups increasingly assume the role of Mead's generalized other.
The __________ phase of the retirement experience involves a sense of letdown or even depression as retirees cope with their new lives.DisenchantmentAccording to Erving Goffman, the way students behave after receiving their exam grades is an example of __________.impression management__________ refers to the process whereby people learn the attitudes, values, and behaviors appropriate for members of a particular culture.SocializationIn everyday speech, the term _________ is used to refer to a person's typical patterns of attitudes, needs, characteristics, and behavior.PersonalityAccording to Jean Piaget, which of the following is the key to development?Social interactionIn what he called the play stage of socialization, George Herbert Mead asserted that people mentally assume the perspectives of others, thereby enabling them to respond from that imagined viewpoint. This process is referred to as __________.role takingYou are at a singles' bar and a friend of yours is rejected when he attempts tostart a conversation with a nearby woman. He then turns to you and says, "There really isn't an interesting person in this entire crowd." Erving Goffman would refer to your friend's behavior as __________.face-workAt age 15, Hispanic girls celebrate reaching womanhood with a ceremony calledquinceanera. This ceremony illustrates __________.rites of passagePrisons, mental hospitals, and the military are all examples of __________.total institutionsBy being isolated and restricted to interactions with only their immediate family members, which element of socialization might the teenage boys in the documentary,The Wolfpack, have missed out on?The generalized other
In the United States today, the transition to adulthood is less clearly defined than just a generation or two in the past. Few young people are finishing school, getting married, and leaving home at about the same age. This indicates that in the U.S.,there is no clear dividing line between adolescence and adulthood._____ can be found in all cultures, indicated by a symbolic ritual marking a shift from one social position to another.Rites of passage
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