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delinquents is anyone who, under the age of majority, has committed one or more acts that would be crimes if committed by an adult. Status offenders is any act committed by a minor that would not be a crime if committed by an adult.3.Summarize how juvenile offenders are processed through the criminal justice system. In the juvenile courts are most interested in chronic to persistence offenders such as those who habitually appear before juvenile court judges. Research has shown that greater contact with juvenile courts can result in a stigma as either delinquent or deviant. Because status offenses are less serious than juvenile delinquency cases, legislature has pushed for removal of status offenses from juvenile court jurisdiction. The removal of status offenders from discretionary power of juvenile courts is a initiative based on deinstitutionalizationof status offenders.4.
Explain the meaning of the deinstitutionalization of status offenders. Eliminating status offenses from the broad category of delinquent acts and removing juveniles from or precluding their confinement in, juveniles correctional facilities;
5.Outline the history and development of juvenile justice and juvenile courts. Historical Overview of Juvenile JusticeThe Origins of Juvenile JusticeHouses of Refuge and Legal DoctrinesThe "Child-saving" MovementThe First Juvenile CourtThe U.S. Supreme Court on Juvenile JusticeKent vs. United StatesIn re GaultIn re WinshipMcKiever v. PennsylvaniaBreed v. JonesJuvenile vs. Criminal Court: Legal and Procedural Distinctions