5 Gender in Georgia .pdf

Thispattern fitswith the condition ofgeorgian

Info icon This preview shows pages 3–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Thispattern fitswith the condition ofGeorgian political parties in the period between 2004 and 2012. Almost none ofthepoliticalparties during that period focused on increasing women's leadership positions within their ranks. In general, Georgian political parties address issues around women's advancement and gender parity as social issues rather than as issues tobesystematically addressed and institutionalized within thepar- ties themselves. One ofthe indicators ofdemocracy is the establishment ofpolicies that ensure gender parity, their implementation, and women's politicaladvancement inpoliticalparties. Despitesomepositive steps,this has not yetbeen accomplished in Georgia. Women's inclusion in politics f Ii\ \1"'''11'/1 1,;,1111,,,11"'1'1 "11,,11, ,,,1/',,, '1'1"1'/ "''''~''I ~====~============== It isessential toidentify characteristics ofthe parties that comprise apo- litical system in order to understand the factors that explain the rate of women's participation informal politics and their representation in ana- tion'slegislativebody (Norris and Lovenduski 1995; Chkheidze 2014). Po- liticalparties serve asgatekeepers forentering formal politics, determin- ing who is included and who is excluded from their ranks, and at what levelswithin party hierarchies. Aparty's organization, itsideology,rules, and degree of centralization are the key characteristics that need to be examined inorder tounderstand thefateofwomen inparliamentary pol- itics and their representation in the parliaments themselves (Norris and Lovenduski 1995; Caul 2010). On the heels of the relatively peaceful, nonviolent, and democratic RoseRevolution of 2003, the United National Movement (UNM),Geor- gia'sleading political party at the time,brought much hope foragender- inclusivepoliticalprocess asthe callforhigh standards ofdemocracy had been declared. Many important reforms aimed at democratic develop- ment were implemented, including ending corruption, restructuring the policeand introducing new standards forlawenforcement, reforming the business sector,and amending and adopting new laws that would bring the country closer to European integration. UNM, which was a leading political party during 2004-2012, declared in early 2005 an active cam- paign topromote women inpoliticalleadership, and severalwomen were appointed inimportant, high-level positions intheexecutivegovernment. Whilewomen's representation in the Parliament was only around 9per- cent,importantly, the speaker ofthe Parliament, Nino Burjanadze, was a woman. Nevertheless, women political leaders did not recognize gender inequality asanissue,and theruling party didnothavewomen's inclusion informal politicsontheir agenda insubsequent years.Agender quota bill was introduced by civilsocietyin 2008 but itfailed togain thesupport of the major political forces.No institutionalized practices or policies were introduced toenhance women's real engagement inpolitics.
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern