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Demiurge… CreatoroView of ScripturesOpponent: Irenaeus of LyonsoBattled the Gnostics, Against Heresieso3 safeguards to the faith: canon, creed, clergy (how did these function)oApostolic Succession (and how did Irenaeus personally fit into this scheme)oRecapitulation – definition; connection to the incarnation, second AdamoApostles Creed and how it refuted gnostic beliefsMontanismoLeadersoNew Prophecy (ecstatic speech)oPepuzaoProphet v. BishopoRole of Continuing Revelation ( as it relates to Scripture)Apologists: Christianity and CultureDefinition of ApologistCelsus’ criticisms of Christianity and the Church’s basic responsesApologies were addressed to whom and were really meant for…Biblical/Cultural SeparatismoTertullian view toward Greek philosophyWhat has Athens to do with Jerusalem? What Does the Academy have to do with the Church?Christ against cultureThe Blood of Martyrs is the …oJustin Martyr
4First and Second Apologyattitude toward Greek philosophy his use of Logos and its meaningmanner of his death“inclusivism”Defining the CanonMarcion ohis dualismohis closed canon consisted of…ohis Christology ohis use of Paul and attitude toward PaulDiatessaronCriteria for inclusion in the CanonoMarcion, Montanists and Gnostics: their role in canonoDate for the New Testament in the form we have it/AthanasiusoDidache as an example of… in terms of the canonthreefold method of biblical interpretation – OrigenHow did they read the Old Testament?oProgressive RevelationApocryphaLatin VulgateConstantine, Councils, and HeresiesChristology and TrinityoAdoptionismoModalism/SabellianismoPatripassionismoTertullian - trinityoDates and major decisions for all the major councilsNicea, Constantinople, Ephesus, ChalcedonSubordinationism, Homoousios, homoioousios, heteroousios (match with appropriate person or definition)Council of NiceaoConstantineoArius’ viewsoAthanasius champion of ….Council of ConstantinopleoTrinity…PneumatomachiansoApollinarius
5o“What Christ has not assume He has not healed”Council of EphesusoNestoriusoTheotokos, ChristotokosCouncil of ChalcedonoEutychesoChalcedonian formula (the summary chart)Augustine of HippoConfessionsoConversion experienceoTolle lege, tolle legeoMonicaoRole of the pears in his understanding of sinoSin he had most trouble withDebate with Pelagius and all of its particulars (see handout from class)Roman Catholic Church in Medieval EraPapacyoApostolic See, RomeoVicar of PeteroVicar ChristSeven Sacraments (definitions)PurgatoryMonasticismoAntonyoRole of Prayer and ScriptureoVowsoBenedict of Nursia/Benedictine RuleoDivine OfficeBoniface VIIIoUnam SanctumBabylonian Captivity of the PapacyGreat Schism (not East/West) of the PapacyAuthority – relation of Scripture and TraditionMary (different terms)Eastern Orthodox ChurchCharacteristics of Eastern Orthodoxy and how they differ from the RCC