Goldberg deals with this construction in sub chapter

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Goldberg deals with this construction in sub-chapter ‘English Serial Verb Construction’ (Goldberg, 2006) where three main serial constructions are introduced: the VVingPP construction (informally ‘took-off-screaming construction’), the Go VPing (informally ‘don’t go sticking your nose’) construction and the Go VP bare (informally ‘go tell it to the mountain’) construction. The last mentioned construction (which may be illustrated by a sentence Go tell your sister to come here) is irrelevant for this thesis because the second verb it contains is not in the ing -form. The characteristics of the 23
VVingPP and Go VPing constructions will be dealt with later in the course of this thesis. On the other hand, Kudrnáčová works mainly with ‘a path verb + a manner of motion verb in the ing -form’ construction. This construction is then briefly contrasted with a construction described as ‘a path verb + a manner verb denoting a non-kinetic type of activity’ (Kudrnáčová, 2008, 53). Therefore, this thesis starts with Goldberg’s division of this construction into two main serial constructions and combines them with Kudrnáčová’s classification. In addition, the construction under analysis is divided into several sub-types based on the research of the corpora. These sub-types are described in more detail in the following chapters and corpora examples are used to accompany the characteristics of each of these sub-types. The existence of the phrases of ‘they came running’ type is also briefly mentioned in Quirk et al (1985) in sub-chapters 8.28 and 8.29, which deal with adjuncts. They mention not only motion verbs come and go but also non-motion verbs sit and stand. They state that: “This is particularly noticeable in the case of certain verbs of broad meaning in respect of posture or motion: sit, stand, come, go. These can take an obligatory adjunct of respect in the form of an –ing clause, with consequent weakening of the primary meaning of the main verb” (Quirk et al, 1985, 506). As examples for these three verbs they provide the following sentences: (10) He stood waiting (patiently). (11) She sat reading (to the children). 24
(12) They went hurrying (breathlessly). (13) She came running (in great haste). The examples of the verbs stand and sit plus a verb in the ing- form were searched for in the BNC. This research proved that these are common phrases widely used in various kinds of texts (in newspapers, biographies, fictional prose etc.). In the BNC, similar sentences were found: (14) He put the books back in the drawer and stood waiting for Mrs Hatton to recover. (A73) (15) 1924 Harry switched off the engine and sat staring at the big, grey, stone-built mansion with a sense of shock. (FS1) The fact that Quirk et al admit “verbs of broad meaning in respect of posture or motion” brings this description close to Goldberg’s VVingPP construction, since Goldberg (as will be described in the following chapter) admits into this construction motion verbs with very general meaning. The question of the weakening of the primary meaning of the main verb will also be briefly mentioned in the following chapters.

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