Creating huge shantytowns and neglecting low income

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- creating huge shantytowns and neglecting low-income housing; - bankrupting the bazaars by refusing to protect them from foreign competition; - compounding social problems by failing to address rising crime, alcoholism, prostitution, and drugs - Khomeini also denounced the Shah for supporting the US and Israel against the Arab World; trampling political liberties; making the country increasingly dependent on the West; and using cultural imperialism to undermine Islam and Iran. - In the very late 1970s, Khomeini argued that the Islamic Revolution would pave the way for an Islamic republic, which in turn would hasten the establishment of a truly Islamic society. - a society that would be free of want, hunger, unemployment, slums, inequality,illiteracy, crime, alcoholism, prostitution, drugs, nepotism, corruption, exploitation, foreign domination, and bureaucratic red tape. - a society based on equality, fraternity, and social justice The Constitution of the Islamic republic and Khomeini’s Political Testament - Khomeini’s populism is revealed in two important texts published since the revolution: The Constitution of the Islamic Republic and Khomeini’s “ Complete Text of Imam Khomeini’s Diving Will and Political Testament” - The Constitution - begins with declaration that Islamic Republic is based on the “principal faiths” of the justice of God; the existence of one God and submission to His will; the divine message and its fundamental role in all human laws; and the concept of the resurrection and its “role in human evolution” - closer look reveals that the constitution is highly nonfundamentalist - divides the government into executive (headed by president, supervising a highly centralized state); the judiciary (with power to appoint district judges and review their verdicts); and the national Parliament (elected through universal adult suffrage) - Gave the Supreme Religious Jurist the authority to dismiss the president, appoint the main military commanders, declare war and peace, and name senior clerics to the Guardian Council (whose responsibility was to ensure that all laws passed by Parliament conformed to the sacred law) - Glorified Khomeini not only as the revolution’s leader, republics founder, and the most respected of the religious jurits, but also as an imam, a title Iranian Shiis had traditionally reserved for the revered originial twelve imams. - Promised all citizens pensions, social security, unemployment benefits, disability pay, medical services, and free secondary as well as primary school education - promised to eradicate hoarding, usury, monopolies, unemployment, poverty, and social deprivation - provide interest free loans, utilize science and technology
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- Iranian constitution has more to say about economic matters than most Western Constitutions.
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  • Spring '13
  • The Republic, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Pahlavi dynasty, Islamists

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