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The U.S. defense budget has a major impacton the global trends, as the United States accounts for 39 percent of global defense spending. The Pentagon had $37 billion cut from its 2013 budget under sequestration. While the budget deal reached last month provided the Pentagon with $31 billion in sequester relief over the next two years, the new Defense budget cap is still $30 billion lower than the Pentagon’s proposed 2014 budget.
UQ- AT: Deloitte evDeloitte concedes squo market strategies solveDeloitte 14 [Deloitte is the largest professional services network in the world by revenue and by the number of professionals. Deloitte provides audit, tax, consulting, enterprise risk and financial advisory services with more than 200,000 professionals in over 150 countries. 2014. “2015 Global aerospace and defenseindustry outlook” -mfg-2015-global-a-and-d-outlook.pdf//jweideman]Secondly, in order to maintain margins in a declining revenue environment, costs need to decrease. Successfuldefense companies havealready been anticipating defense budget cuts and have been reducing staff,cutting overhead costs, and getting lean.They are accelerating the substitution of process automationover more expensive labor, resulting in higher operating earnings per employee. Digital product development and computer aided design have been a game changerby creating significant efficiencies in the product development process. Lean manufacturing and six sigma initiatives have significantly cut waste and inefficiency in the production process. It is expected these initiativesand programs will accelerate in 2015as companies manage their margins and profitability in a declining revenue environment.
US-Relations ThumpersCyberespionage, political tensions, and national security concerns hamper US-China S&T tradeSuttmeier 14(Richard P. Suttmeier, Dr. Richard P. Suttmeier is a Professor of Political Science, Emeritus, at the University of Oregon. He has written widely on science and technology development issues in China, “Trends in U.S.-China Science and Technology Cooperation: Collaborative Knowledge Production for the Twenty-First Century?”, Research Report Prepared on Behalf of the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, September 11, 2014, %20Technology%20Cooperation.pdf)Technology Leakage and Security Concerns For the most part, the government-to-government relationship is not a conduit for the transfer of sensitive technologies,especially technologies embedded in physical artifacts.The fact that the relationship does involve training and visits to U.S. laboratories, however, ensures that knowledge transfers occur.U.S. concerns over the course of the last decade about “deemed exports” and “human embodied” transfers of sensitive scientific knowledge or technology have led technical agencies to put in place mechanisms to vet visiting scientists and engineers.