ENGLISH
Obesity-Assign 4.docx

16 billion while 112 billion will be obese par 3 a

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will be 2.16 billion while 1.12 billion will be obese (par 3). A major contributor to the lack of nutrition and the increase of obesity is the fact that farm-fresh and smaller-scale market options are rapidly disappearing. These markets are being replaced by global food chains, which profit off of selling bulk quantities of easily-preservable shelf-stable foods. In the year 2000, super- and mega-markets like Walmart accounted for 80 percent of the United States’ retail food sales (par 31). These global chains have the resources to develop strategies to provide longer shelf life for foods, which most often increases the amount of sugar, fat and added salt. The spread of mega- and super-markets has also put convenience foods such as microwave meals, junk foods, and other cheap, unhealthy options within easy reach of the average consumer (par 33).
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Emerson, Jones, McArthur, Robards, Siddiqui, 3 Similarly to groceries becoming unhealthier, eating out and eating at fast food places has been a major diet change in people across all communities. Restaurants, both sit down and fast food, have increased intake of things like edible oils and caloric sweeteners since the ‘80s. Between 1985 and 2010 the individual intake of vegetable oil, on average, around the world, increased sixfold (Popkin et. al, par 23). Some may argue that vegetable oils are not the worst types of foods to consume, however, vegetable oils include fatty acids such as trans fats. These trans fats are used very commonly to deep or pan fry food. Likewise, the world’s diet has become much more sugary than it ever has been before. Sugar is present in astronomical amounts in many beverages nowadays. Other changes in dietary habits over the years include increased excessive intake of animal products such as beef, eggs and dairy products. These foods are healthy, and even beneficial, when eaten in moderation - but excess consumption of animal products can have numerous negative effects on one’s health. Lastly, the consumption of coarse grains and vegetables has fallen drastically (par 27). The decrease in physical activity and its tie to obesity has affected citizens all across the world. According to Suzanne Wright and Louis Aronne, in 2005, it was estimated that “less than half of US adults engaged in recommended levels of physical activity” (par 4). Wright and Aronne also point out that physical activity in the education system (such as recess and physical education class) have decreased in recent years. Technology has also had an unsurprising negative effect on exercise and physical activity. Watching television, spending time on the internet and playing video games has increased with the availability of technology. Each of those pastimes can be indulged while sitting on the couch or even laying in bed. Even technology such as an automatic garage door opener has allowed people to use the least amount of energy as possible.
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Emerson, Jones, McArthur, Robards, Siddiqui, 4 With the combination of less physical activity and lack of nutrition in food, anyone is susceptible to the dangers of obesity, including the wealthier socioeconomic class. Due to
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