Sovereignty affects a lot of things going on in planet earth What is it? o Sovereignty: the quality of having supreme independent authority over a territory No other power, entity can supersede the actions The king’s law is the law of the land Ultimate power of people & territory How to prove it? Kill your own citizens o If you can do the most extreme thing & get away with it legally, you are a sovereign state The US government does this, no one can say anything because the US is a sovereign state (capital punishment) Pretend the US government wants to drop a nuke on NJ, international response would be nothing because the US is the sovereign holder of the territory o States wont do anything because they respect their authority, your people/your problem Expect reciprocity How’d it start up? o Product of the last 3/400 years Most of history = monarchs ruling with sovereign power from god or divine blessings handed down from religious leaders Divine right of kings Mandate of heaven (China) o Why would ultimate power be based on something so bazar? Because its from god (ultimate power itself, no higher authority to question) o Shifts Shift 1: rule over peoples to rule over place Europe 1600 = lines drawn to form off territory o Now called nation-state Shifts away from individuals as holder over sovereignty
o Most human history had peoples with crowns, then morphed into people thinking that was bazar We the peoples have the power over ourselves Shift 2: shift from individuals to people holding the power Big deal Defendability. If you had enough ass to back up what your mouth was saying based on raw power Did Switzerland, Dutch 1,000 years have sovereignty? No o But strong allies Serbia was allies with Russia Changed due to international institutions (United nations) Shift 3- Defendability to recognition Get enough sovereign states to recognize, then you can get into the UN’s country club, then you wouldn’t have to defend o How to get recognized? go through UN Must get resolution passed through UN saying so Granda, Palao, Vatican City UN permanent security councils o P5 US, UK, China, France, Russia Every resolution through out entire UN must pass by this group of 5 every member has veto power, any one can stop anything from going through the UN o Taiwan is not a sovereign state because China considers it part of it’s territory Vetoed every time o Kosovo is part of Serbia (ally of Russia) Vetoed every time o If Texas was to secede Vetoed SOVEREIGNTY STOPPER: GENOCIDE Genocide: the deliberate and systematic destruction of a specific ethnic, racial, religious or national group of human beings o To completely exterminate that no trace of existence remains Institutional institutions came about because of horrific causality counts o WWI, WWII
When bad wars happened, people needed a system to recognize peoples borders
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- Fall '08
- Sovereignty, Sovereign state