Chocolate increases the levels of Nitric Oxide which lowers blood cholesterol levels ● Mars company tried to develop a line of products based on the presence of these antioxidants ○ Cocoavia was high in flavanols in the antioxidants ● French may have lower risk of heart disease because of their intake of coffee and chocolate which are good sources of antioxidants Video 6: ● Studies have shown that there has been improved blood flow in the brain and supposedly improves their cognitive properties following the intake of chocolate in older people ○ Funded by the Mars company ● Switzerland has the highest consumption of chocolate and the highest per capita number of Nobel Prize winners ● Products are marketed to utilize the beauty effects of chocolate ● Chocolate is utilized in fashion as well ● Why do people crave chocolate? ○ About 15% of men and 40% of women are addicted to chocolate ○ Chocolate contains caffeine but there is not enough to make a person addicted to it ○ Recent studies have shown that the addiction of chocolate may be derived on a particular compound known as anandamide ■ It comes from supposedly the Sanskrit ananda which means bliss ■ The effect of anandamide is similar to that of marijuana – the high that some people can get from chocolate may be similar to that of marijuana ● Chocolate is associated with love (valentine’s) ● It is possible that chocolate is an aphrodisiac ○ Casanova, before bedding his conquests he would always give and consume a small amount of chocolate ● Chocolate increases levels of nitric oxide and nitric oxide is a vasodilator ● Viagra also works by increasing or acting upon the level of nitric oxide ○ Viagra may increase potency, but maybe so does chocolate ● Chocolate contains a chemical known as phenylethylamine, and studies show that some people who are addicted to love produce a large amount of phenylethylamine ○ Associated with the sensation of love, this would explain why chocolate is the gift of lovers ● The phenylethylamine that is present in chocolate cannot penetrate the blood-brain barrier Lesson 2: Weight Control I Video 1:
CHEM 181 ● Lewis Carroll – wrote The Walrus and the Carpenter ○ ‘But wait a bit,’ the oyster cried, ‘before we have our chat, for some of us are out of breath, and all of us are fat!’ ● Our average weight is increasing ○ In 1960, the average was 166 lbs for men and 140 for women ○ In 2010, the average was 196 lbs for men and 166 lbs for women ● The perception of how much it is going up is not exactly parallel to reality ○ People think that they are not quite as overweight as they really are ● Diabetes is increasing parallel to increase in weight, not a surprise because greater weight results in insulin resistance ● Obesity is a multi-factorial – complex problem that requires a multi-factorial approach in order to address it ● In the time of Hippocrates, there were concerns about weight gain ○ “Those desiring to lose weight should perform hard work before food. They should take their meals after exertion and while still panting from fatigue. They
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- Spring '11