Community-Based_Prevention_Intervention.pdf

Neighborhoods that foster healthy environments for

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Neighborhoods that foster healthy environments for their youth and families - Youth must have opportunities for leadership and a voice in our community. - Youth and parents must be held accountable for problem behaviors and acts of youth violence. - Youth must have access to a system of “graduated sanctions” that balances youth accountability with resources for rehabilitation ”. 62 According to the theory of xenophobia, through trainings and other events the intervention has to aim to prevent the following processes in youth development: finding the reason to devalue members of an out-group; to blame suffering on them; to see them as source of evil. Along with this, parents also have to be prevented from 1) diminishing any sense of personal responsibility among them and other community members for inter-ethnic crimes of their children; 2) sharing a fake vision of a better society “if only these terrible people disappear”; 3) denial of the tensions’ reality by community and justification of its passiveness; 4) wide acceptance of the concept of superiority. 63 In terms of the content of specific activities within the intervention, there are different guidelines developed which can be used to tackle the issue of interethnic conflict in minors (however, certainly have to be adopted to local context and needs). Among them are various interfaith manuals such as “Face to Faith” approach of Tony Blaire Foundation 64 or Ethics Education guide by ArigatouInternational 65 , materials on Education for International Understanding (published by UNU) 66 , and other guidelines. In proposed intervention the participation of the schools (teaching staff and young people) in project design is considered to be crucial for project’s suistanability, therefore needs assessment should be conducted in a pre - implementation stage and possibilities for involvement of direct beneficiaries in project design should be created. Since there is no feasible opportunity to involve target audience on this stage, a very general framework of actions will be proposed in the next subsection. 62 The Memphis Shelby Crime Commission, 2011. Memphis Youth Violence Prevention Plan. [online], 25 March. Available at:< ;[Accessed 12 November 2013] 63 Hamburg A.D.,Hamburg A.B., 2004. Learning to Live Together: Preventing Hatred and Violence in Child and Adolescent Development. New York: Oxford University Press. P. 45 64 TonyBlairFaithFoundation, 2011. Resources. [online] Available at: < - 0> [Accessed 12 November 2013] 65 ArigatouInternational, 2008. Learning to Live Together: An Intercultural and Interfaith Programme for Ethics Education. [online] Available at: < > [Accessed 12 November 2013] 66 Asia Pacific Center of Education for International Understanding, 2008. Teacher Training for Learning to Live Together: A Training Manual for EIU and ESD. [online] Available at: < U%20and%20ESD.pdf> [Accessed 12 November 2013]
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  • Spring '19
  • Madam Masila

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