Civilization before the polis with palace builders

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civilization` before the polis with palace builders, literacy and hierarchy. It abruptly disappeared 26.Mycenaeans~ (1700-1180 BC) civilization after the fall of the minoans, was a warrior people of acquiring loot that eventually succumbed to foreign invasion 27. Macedon~ Dominant state of Hellenistic Greece where Alexander came up from 28.Phillip II~ Macedonian conqueror who swept the southern Greek-states who used his army effectively. Father of Alexander 29. Hellenism ~ time of Alexander’s rule, colonialism, enslavement, where economy flourished, trade was at its peak 30.Ptolemies~ one of the most prosperous kingdoms of the Hellenistic era, ruled by one of Alexander’s generals Ptolemy. This kingdom was among the wealthiest, most sophisticated and long-lasting. They defeated the Seleucids. Made advances in math, medicine, engineering, and art 31. Seleucids~ addressed the security needs of their 70 colonies extending to central Asia. Mostly military colonies. They established colonies to increase their power 32. Antigonids~ people ruled by Antigonus after the death of Alexander, were a
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simply, tough people. The leagues were dominated by the wealthy, and there was an extreme gap between the wealthy and the poor 33. Bactria 34. Archimedes~ A Sicilian Greek who calculated the approximate value of pi and made discoveries in science and astronomy. 35. Stoics~ philosophy that trusted the evidence of the senses which would inspire confidence and security, believed in brotherhood, emphasized the inner life, duty and order. Becoming indifferent to suffering 36. Maccabees~ revolt of the Jews against the ruling Seluecids to restore jewish practices and and rededicate the temple caused by the king ordering the sacrifice of pigs which were not kosher Enuma Elish~ Mesopotamian creation myth. Out of swirl of waters were created from fresh water, Absu god and saltwater goddess tiamat who created Younger gods.
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