decide whether the consequences, no matter how desirable, are worth it for the actions to becarried out. Hence, children that were exposed to lead in their early days had higher risks ofperpetrating violence in their later years, which can be attributed to the lower intelligence that iscaused by lead exposure. Coupled with their hasty and antisocial personality, which is alsocaused by lead exposure, these children are extremely likely to plunge into crime committingeither in their adolescence or adulthood.
DiscussionAfter examining both sides of the argument, it shows that genetics alone is not enough to lead tocriminal activities. Genetics is responsible for a person’s behavioural issues, including violentand anti-social behaviour; however it is not a strong enough influence to lead to criminalactivities. Environmental factors come into play in this case. Maltreatment of a child may lead tothe child harbouring hate within him, and coupled with the possibility of anti-social and violentbehaviours that are attributed to his genetics, the child might grow up into an adult that commitscrimes in hopes of transferring his anger and hatred somewhere else. Aside from maltreatment,spanking children can also lead to a child growing up in a violence filled environment, which inturn might lead to higher risks of them committing crime in their older days, especially so if theyalready have the violent genes present in them—the external causes increases the risks of themexhibiting the traits of the violent genes.Strict parenting on the other hand may not lead to direct physical harm unlike childhoodmaltreatment and spanking, but the stressful environment children grow up in under theauthoritarian monitoring and control may result in them looking for an outlet for expression. Thismay lead to the children turning to crime to rebel against the strict environment in their homes,even more so if the children harbors the violent genes in them.Peer pressure can lead to crime committing through the need for an adolescent to fit in with hispeers and be accepted by the group. Crime may seem ‘cool’ to the group of friends, especially inthe adolescent years where teens are going through their rebellious stage. Committing crimes
could simply be a tool for them to be accepted into their chosen cliques, especially if they learnthese behaviours from the same group.Ecological factors, and in this case the increase in lead exposure, can result in lower IQ and animpulsive, antisocial personality; these subsequently increase the risks of committing crime. Ahigher IQ would mean that it is easier for a person to understand what is right and wrong, and inthe situation where a person has difficulties understanding what cannot be done, this would causehigher possibilities of crime committing. The stakes are even higher if a person possess theviolent genes; when paired together with the rash and emotionally detached personality, aperson’s risks of committing crimes would be exponentially higher.