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Henry of Navarre technically becomes king, but people don’t accept him as he is ProtestantHe continues to grow militarily until he takes control of the majority of France as well as Pariso He faces strong Catholic opposition, so he converts to Catholicism o Navarre takes on the name of Bourbon♦ Bourbon and French HegemonyoHenry of Navarre (now Bourbon, also known as Henry VI) asks for an annulment of his marriage from Marguerite de Medici (daughter of Catherine de Medici) as she cannot have childrenoHe is granted it and he marries Marie de Medici – their son is
Louis XIII o he wants to create a nationalchurchoHe brings in another Edict of Toleration (Edict of Nantes 1598) o The Protestants get a state of 75 walled towns to call their ownoHis long term goal is “one faith, one law, on king” o Gallican (Gaul) church, a Church that runs its own affairs o Territory: he must counter theSpanish, work out a consolidation with the nobles and various territoriesoHe is assassinated in 1610♦ Louis XIII o At the time of Henry IV’s death, Louis is 8 years old, so Mariede Medici becomes RegentoDuring her time, the situation for the Protestants declines rapidlyoLouis XIII’s Chief Minister, Cardinal de Richelieu sees them as a problem and doesn’t want them in FranceoIn 1632, Protestants rebel against Richelieu, but it fails_ he makes a move against Protestant townsoIn 1685, the final revocation of the Edict of Nantes comes, and leads to some centralized governmentIn 1645, Louis and Richelieu die, which creates upheaval and no surety about where France will do at this pointoThere is a civil war at the level of the nobles (the Fronde) who feels that their authority is being curbedoLouis XIV becomes king with a Queen Regent o In 1651, there is a consolidation and oWith the Peace of Westphalia ain 1648, France come out as the dominantpower in EuropeoLouis XIV become the symbol of it "The Sun King"8. Religion: Late Medieval Piety ♦ Sin – disobedience of GodWhen the world is created, everything is perfect. But God sets out one rule - do anything you want, but don’t eat the apple from ‘the treeof knowledge & of good and evil’oSatan comes to Eve as a snake and convinces her to eat the appleoGod throws Adam and Eve out of the garden of Eden o To pay punishment for this sin, Jesus comes to earth as God in the human form –he is crucified in the New TestamentoPeter (a disciple) is appointed to create Church for redeeming sinsoThus the Catholic Church becomes the only vehicle through which you can fix the rupture with God (sin)oOriginal sin is eternal punishment - you go to heaven or hell o Individual sin gives us temporal punishmentoYou can work it off during your lifetime by doing pilgrimages, charity, etc. oBut when we die, we still won’t have worked away all of our sins, so we enter purgatory, where you must wait and work off more of your sin beforegetting into heaven
oOne’s time in purgatory may be long or short depending upon how good/bad your life was livedo