9 achievement tests whereas aptitude is a capacity to

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9. Achievement Tests: Whereas aptitude is a capacity to learn in the future, achievement is concerned with what one has accomplished. When applicants claim to know something, an achievement test is given to measure how well they know it. 10. Projective Tests: In these tests the applicant projects his personality into free responses about pictures shown to him which are ambiguous.
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70 7.5 INTEXT QUESTIONS 1. What do you understand by selection process? Discuss various steps involved in it. 2. What is application blank? What purpose does it serve? Explain the contents of an application blank. 3. Discuss the characteristics of a good test. Explain various types of tests used in the selection process. 4. What is an interview? What purpose does it serve? Discuss various types of interviews. 5. Discuss various guidelines to be followed for an interview. 6. Explain various steps involved in the selection of personnel. 7.6 SUMMARY Selection is the process of picking up individuals out of the pool of the job applicants with requisite qualifications and competence to fill jobs in the organisation. Proper selection can minimize the costs of replacement and training, reduce legal challenges, and result in a more productive work force. The discrete selection process would include the following. Application Pool, Preliminary Screening and Interview, Application Blank or Application Form, Selection Tests, Interview Background Investigation, Physical Examination, Approval by Appropriate Authority, Final Employment Decision, Evaluation Selection process involves mutual decision making. The organization decides whether or not to make a job offer and how attractive the job offer should be. The candidate decides whether or not the organization and the job offer is according to his goals and needs. Selection of proper personnel helps the management in getting the work done by the people effectively. To be an effective predictor, a selection device should be Reliable Valid Predict a relevant criterion. In India the selection process on hiring skilled and managerial personnel are fairly well defined and systematically practical.
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71 7.7 TERMINAL EXERCISE Fill in the blanks: 1. The purpose of ___________ is to pick up the right person for every job. 2. ___________ are standardized and unbiased methods of soliciting information about the prospective employees. 3. The test used to measure an individual’s capacity or talent ability is called _____________. 4. An _____________ is a procedure designed to get information from a person and to assess his potential for the job. 5. The test conducted to measure the depth of knowledge and proficiency of applicants is ______. 7.8 SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS 1. Dessler Gary (2001), “Personnel Management”, Prentice Hall International Editions, New Jersey.
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