atomic elements with heavier ones The development of the hydrogen bomb also

Atomic elements with heavier ones the development of

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atomic elements with heavier ones - The development of the hydrogen bomb also reignited a stalled scientific project – the creation of unmanned rockets and missiles capable of delivering the hydrogen bomb across the world via outer space o America was able to tap into German knowledge from scientists who had immigrated here during the war o American research was conducted by the Air Force o While America had early success with short-range missiles, it could not develop long-range rockets capable of crossing an ocean; these are called ICBM’s or intercontinental ballistic missiles America’s first rockets were called Atlas and then Titan missiles o Fuel for these rockets was the most difficult problem; it was hard to keep this fuel stable as it needed to burn at a tremendous temperature in order to achieve orbit By 1958, scientists had developed a solid fuel to replace liquid fuel that was more volatile They had also produced guidance systems that were capable of delivering the weapon o By the end of the 1950’s, a new generation of missiles called the minuteman missiles became the basis of the American Atomic arsenal; they were capable of traveling several thousands of miles o America also developed a missile, the Polaris, which was capable of being launched from a submarine by compressed air and then fired engines once out of the water The Space Program : - The American space program eventually developed a rationale of its own; at first however, it was simply a byproduct of the rivalry with the Soviet Union – America had to do everything before the Soviets did (a race to prove who was better) - The origins of this “space race” can be traced to 1957 when the Soviet Union launched the first satellite into outer space
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o The satellite was called Sputnik - The United States had attempted to do this for a number of years but was unsuccessful - After the launching of Sputnik , America began to spend tremendous amounts of money and stress the importance of scientific education in schools - Research laboratories were built to speed the development of America’s own exploration of success - America was able to launch its own first satellite Explorer I in January 1958 - In 1958, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration was also created; its job was to develop manned exploration of outer space - NASA’s initial effort, the Mercury Project, was designed to launch manned vehicles into space to orbit the earth o On May 5, 1961, Alan Shepard became the first American to be launched into space but only achieved suborbital flight; further, trip came a few months after the Soviets had achieved orbit as Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space o On February 2, 1962, John Glen became the first American to officially orbit the earth from space - The Gemini Program was the next to be developed to carry two men into space at once - The Apollo Project was developed to send a manned mission to the moon o
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