U 2 incident the russians shot down a high altitude

This preview shows page 3 - 5 out of 5 pages.

U-2 Incident- the Russians shot down a high-altitude U.S. spy plane—the U-2—over the Soviet Union. The incident exposed a secret U.S. tactic for gaining information. After its open-skies proposals had been rejected by the Soviets in 1955, the United States had decided to conduct regular spy flights over Soviet territory to find out about its enemy’s missile program. Eisenhower took full responsibility for the flights after they were exposed by the U-2 incident. 6. Communism in Cuba- A bearded revolutionary, Fidel Castro, overthrew the Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959. Once in power, however, Castro nationalized American-owned businesses and properties in Cuba. Eisenhower retaliated by cutting off U.S. trade with Cuba. Castro then turned to the Soviets for support. With communism only 90 miles off the shores of Florida, Eisenhower authorized the CIA to train anti communist Cuban exiles to retake their island, but the decision to go ahead with the scheme was left up to the next president, Kennedy. 7. Eisenhower’s legacy- After leaving the White House, Eisenhower claimed credit for checking Communist aggression and keeping the peace without the loss of American lives in combat. He also started the long process of relaxing tensions with the Soviet Union. In 1958, he initiated the first arms limitations by voluntarily suspending above-ground testing of nuclear weapons. Military-industrial complex- In his farewell address as president, Eisenhower spoke out against the negative impact of the Cold War on U.S. society. He warned the nation to “guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence . . . by the military-industrial complex.” C.The Civil war Rights Movement- While Eisenhower was concentrating on Cold War issues, events of potentially revolutionary significance were developing in the relations between African Americans and other Americans. 1. Origins of the Movement- The baseball player Jackie Robinson had broken the color line in 1947 by being hired by the Brooklyn Dodgers as the first African American to play on a major league team. President Truman had integrated the armed forces in 1948 and introduced civil rights legislation in Congress. African Americans in the South were still by law segregated from whites in schools and in most public facilities. They were also kept from voting by poll taxes, literacy tests, grandfather causes, and intimidation. Changing Demographics- The origins of the modern civil rights movement can be traced back to the movement of millions of African Americans from the rural South to the urban centers of the South and the
Ryan Stephens 3-11-16 Period 1 AP U.S. History North. In the North, African Americans, who joined the Democrats during the New Deal, had a growing influence in party politics in the 1950s.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture