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(Nahavandi, A. 2015).Examples of Contingency leadership are available within thetextbook and an example of this includes a comparison between Hillary Clinton and Barack Obamaas two candidates of differing styles, one Task oriented and the other Relationship oriented.During the 2004 presidential campaign, H. Clinton stated she considers the role of president to provide vision and direct federal bureaucracy. In comparison Obama demonstrated a style of charisma, a broader focus and less attention to detail, a relationship-oriented style.There are leaders who have both styles and can access these on demand, one of which is General Colin Powell, capable of leading significant teams and guiding enormous complex campaigns, hehas demonstrated no interest in considering the highest rank of presidency. This demonstrates hisability to lead and to follow effectively.There are some practitioners and theorists that argue the Contingency Model is too complexto provide practical value. Essentially leaders must understand the situation and understand how and when to use the different decision methods, that participation is not always desirable as a leadership style, and that leaders must pay particular attention to their followers needs and reactions when making a decision
LEADERSHIP THEORIES MATRIX6(Nahavandi, A. 2015).Skills LeadershipSkills Leadership is a theoreticalapproach that describes the tangible skills that a leader must have to be effective. Three primary types of skills are highlighted including Technical, Human, and Conceptual skills.Technical skills are those which tend to be hands-on types of activities, be it a surgeon, radio technician or hunting skills for example.Human skills are those involvingbeing able to communicate and work effectively with others in situations requiring negotiation, settling arguments, and to win trust.Conceptual skills are those that involve developing and understanding abstract conceptsand ideas. These skill are applied in creating effective strategic plans and when making a gut type decision is needed (Nahavandi, A. 2015).Returning servicemen and servicewomen are an excellent example of Skills Leadership in action. In 2017 there is a reduced number of returning veterans, andeven smaller pool of those that bring technical skills and experience that translate to civilian jobs. Skill that translate well in the civilian world include leadership, IT security, computers,engines, medical training, drones and work on nuclear powered submarines.Military officers are required to have a degree and are often pursuing advanced degrees as well, so when they come home, they are very employable due to their education and their exposureto regular training and classroom instruction.Another benefit that former military personnel offer civilian and commercial business is that of excellent organizational abilities, respect, loyalty and the ability to work in a structured environment (Shea B. 2016).