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face and supplemented with surveys. Based on random sampling this study is viewed as the most comprehensive, scientifically accurate study of sexuality in the U.S. FindingAmericans more sexually conservative than previously thought, most people had sex a few times a month or less and have three sex partners over their lifetime, sexualchoices people make are restricted by their social networks (ex: fam &friends) 20. What did Bell and Weinberg study, and what were their research findings?-in 1978 Alan Bell & Martin Weinburg used Kinsey’s research on Homosexuality and new studies and publish Homosexualities. Findingsthis research showed that the majority of gays do not fit the sterotypes- gays don’t push unwanted sexual advances onto people; gays don’t seduce or sexually assult kids- in fact, heterosexual men were found to be more likely to sexually abuse kids. 21. What is ethnographic research?-study small group, either by observing as participant or nonparticipant, either overt or covert 22. Who were Masters and Johnson, and how did they study sex? -William Masters- gynecologist and Virginia Johnson- psychology researcher- began their research in 1954 mainly interested in anatomy and physiology of sexual response and they also explored sexual dysfunction. 23. How do sex researchers try to ensure good ethics in their research?-since sexuality is so personal, researcher must be sure to get participant’s informed consent and also gurantee confidentitality (IRB) 24. What is volunteer bias, and how/why is this especially a challenge for sex researchers?-people who volunteer to be in a study may somehow differ from those who do not volunteer- in sociology that is self-election- research has found that people who
25. How/why is reliability an issue for sex research?-potential problems: what may look like a change over time in frequency of sexual behavior may actually be a difference in reporting, basically sex researchers have to be sensitive to time contextportrayals of sex26. How is sex portrayed in the media? think about class discussion -sex is a popular topic in the media seeing that the number of sexual scenes on broadcast TV have doubled since 1998, men are usually portrayed as “on the job” while women are seen dating or talking about romance or being completely sexualized. Meaning through provocative images partly clothed or naked, Media activist Jean Kilbourne says women’s bodies are often dismembered into legs, breasts or thighs, reinforcing the message that women are objects rather than whole human beings learning about sex-only 4% of parents of junior high school students and 6% of parents of high school students believe sexuality education should not be taught in school-Personal Communication, January 2005-Adolescent child-bearing is more common in the U.S. 22% of women reported having a child before 20 yrs old, Great Britain 15%, Canada 11%, France 6%, and Sweden 4%. U.S. teens did not use contraception at either the first or most recent intercourse