ECE _ DSST Organizational Behavior

The final stage in group development is the

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Unformatted text preview: The final stage in group development is the adjourning stage, where the group prepares for its disbandment. In this stage, high task performance is no longer the group’s top priority. Instead, attention is directed toward wrapping up activities. Responses of group members vary in this stage. Some are upbeat, basking in the group’s accomplishments. Others may be depressed over the loss of camaraderie and friendships gained during the work group’s life. The Punctuated-Equilibrium model characterizes groups as exhibiting long periods of inertia (resistance to action or change) interspersed with brief revolutionary changes triggered primarily by their members’ awareness of time and deadlines. This model finds that (1) the first meeting sets the group’s direction; (2) the first phase of group activity is one of inertia; (3) a transition takes place at the end of the first phase, which occurs exactly when the group has used up half its allotted time; (4) the transition initiates major changes; (5) a second phase of inertia follows the transition; and (6) the group’s last meeting is characterized by markedly accelerated activity. Sociometry is an analytical technique for studying group interaction. Sociometry seeks to find out who people like or dislike and whom they would or would not wish to work with. This information is gathered through interviews or questionnaires. For instance, employees might be asked (1) Who, within the organization, would you like to associate with in the process of carrying out your job? Or (2) Name several organization members with whom you would like to spend some of your free time. Groupthink occurs when members of a group think similarly and conform to each other's views, often at the expense of ignoring reality. It usually results in decisions being made from a narrow point of view. Members with doubts and alternate ideas do not speak out because dissenting opinions are not tolerated. An organization’s overall strategy, typically put into place by top management, outlines the organization’s goals and the means for attaining these goals. The strategy an organization is pursuing at any given time will influence the power of various work groups, which, in turn, will determine the resources the organization’s top management is willing to allocate to it for performing its tasks. To illustrate, an organization that is closing down major parts of its business is going to have work groups with a shrinking resource base, increased member anxiety, and the potential for heightened intragroup conflict. Organizations have authority structures that define who reports to whom, who makes decisions, and what decisions individuals or groups are empowered to make. This structure typically determines where a given work group is placed in the organization’s hierarchy, the formal leader of the group, and formal relations between groups. So while a work group might be led by someone who emerges informally from within the group, the formally designated leader, who was...
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The final stage in group development is the adjourning...

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