2. Describe the treatment of mentally ill individuals before the development of modern day psychiatry. There were three theories used to explain behavior. The biological theories which viewed abnormal behavior as like physical diseases, caused by breakdown of systems in the body. Supernatural theories have viewed abnormal behavior because of divine intervention, cures, demonic possession, and personal sin. The psychological theories viewed abnormal behavior because of traumas, such as bereavement or of chronic stress. Rest, relaxation, a change of environment, and some herbal medications would be helpful. People were described as abnormal because they were a sinner. They would try to perform brain surgery on people who were seeing or hearing things, or if they were chronically sad. A Chinese medical philosophy also held that human emotions were controlled by internal organs. An example was when air flowed to the heart the person felt joy, or to the liver they felt angry.in the twelfth century towns begun to house people who were considered mentally ill in asylums. Benjamin Rush was one of the founders of the asylum and believed abnormal behavior was caused by excessive blood to the brain. He prescribed bleeding the patient or drawing huge amounts of blood from the body. Although the supernatural theories of the middle age were brutal the medical theories did not lead to better health. 3. Distinguish among the following approaches to understanding and treating abnormal behavior and mental processes: Biological Approach, Psychodynamic Approach, Behavioral Approach, Cognitive Approach, Humanistic Approach and Sociocultural Approach.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 3 pages?