which libidinal energy is expressed through different erogenous zones during different stages of development. “Personality is shaped by conflicts” Components Id, ego, and superego – Iceberg Analogy o Id - the psychic structure, present at birth, that represents physiological drives and is fully unconscious. Sex and aggression o Ego - the second psychic structure to develop, characterized by self-awareness, planning, and delay of gratification. o Superego - the third psychic structure, which functions as a moral guardian and sets forth high standards for behavior. Conscience, understanding what society’s rules are and how to follow them. Initially represented by parents. Repressed feelings that the ID is telling us to go get. These are not socially acceptable so we repress them. o Defense mechanisms help us to repress our feelings, psychoanalyst helps fix this. Stages – Each contains a conflict. Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latent, Genital o Oral - the first stage of psychosexual development, during which gratification is hypothesized to be attained primarily through oral activities. First year of life. Ex: Pacifiers Can lead to oral fixation when parents restrict oral activities to much. o Anal - the second stage of psychosexual development, when gratification is attained through anal activities. Second year. Over bathroom issues. Potty training. Only being able to go in certain places can lead to some children to be anal retentive or anal expulsive (messy). Battle over control. o Phallic – Third year. The conflict is over masturbation. Parents restrict these activities. Allowed to feel pleasure on their own. This lasts for a few years.
o Latent – Age 5 or 6 Children’s sexuality seemingly disappears. Oedipus and Electra complexes happen before the latent stage, and they cause this stage. a phase of psychosexual development characterized by repression of sexual impulses. o Oedipus/Electra complex Oedipus Complex - a conflict of the phallic stage in which the boy wishes to possess his mother sexually and perceives his father as a rival in love. Electra Complex - a conflict of the phallic stage in which the girl longs for her father and resents her mother. o Genital – Puberty, sexuality awakens again and never shuts off. the mature stage of psychosexual development, characterized by preferred expression of libido through intercourse with an adult of the other gender. Any sexual gratification they get is from sexual intercourse. Anything outside of strict sexual intercourse is immature and focuses on being stuck in earlier stages. Superego is the one who causes conflict in this stage. o Neo-Freudians – Moved Freud’s ideas outside of sex and aggression.
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- Spring '19
- Developmental Psychology, Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, Paying attention