Scientific skills are important skills used during scientific activities such

Scientific skills are important skills used during

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skills are used. Scientific skills are important skills used during scientific activities such as conducting experiments and projects. Scientific skills consist of science process skills and manipulative skills. Science Process Skills Science Process Skills (SPS) are skills required in the process of finding solutions to a problem or making decisions in a systematic manner. SPS are mental processes which promote critical, creative, analytical and systematic thinking. Mastery of SPS together with attitude and appropriate knowledge to guarantee the ability of pupils to think effectively. Thus, good command of SPS with positive attitude and sound knowledge will ensure effective thinking among pupils. Table 4 describes each of the SPS. Table 4: Science Process Skills SCIENCE PROCESS SKILLS DESCRIPTION Observing Using the senses of sight, hearing, touch, taste or smell to gather information about objects and phenomena. Classifying Using observations to group objects or phenomena according to similarities and differences. Measuring and Using Numbers Making quantitative observations using numbers and tools with standard units to ensure an accurate measurement. Inferring Using collected data or past experiences to draw conclusions and make explanations of events. Predicting Making forecast about future events based on observations and previous experiences or collected data.
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KSSM PHYSICS FORM 4 10 SCIENCE PROCESS SKILLS DESCRIPTIONS Communicating Using words or graphic symbols such as tables, graphs, diagrams or models to explain actions, objects or events. Using Space- Time Relationship Describing changes in parameter such as location, direction, shape, size, volume, weight or mass with time. Interpreting Data Giving rational explanations about an object, event or pattern derived from collected data. Defining Operationally Giving meaning to a concept by describing what must be done and what should be observed. Controlling Variables Managing manipulated variable, responding variable and fixed variable. In a scientific investigation, the manipulated variable is changed to observe its relationship with the responding variable. At the same time, the other variables are kept the same. SCIENCE PROCESS SKILLS DESCRIPTIONS Hypothesising Making a general statement about the relationship between the manipulated and responding variable to explain an observation or event. This statement or conjecture can be tested to determine its validity. Experimenting Planning and conducting an investigation under controlled conditions to test a hypothesis, collecting and interpreting data until a conclusion can be obtained. Manipulative Skills Manipulative skills are psychomotor skills that enable pupils to carry out practical works in science. It involves the development of hand-eye coordination. These manipulative skills are: Use and handle science apparatus and substances correctly.
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