Closer coop on extraditions and new aide package to

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closer coop on extraditions and new aide package to bolster mex securitycombat org crime domestically1. int’lIGO – intl gov org – combat trafficking Puntitive rather than preventiveInterdiction and coersive law enforcementNot harm red and pub health approaches2. US Mex collaborationNixon – wants to please “silent maj” – tough against counterculture of drugs slow drug flows from mex by slowing traffic at border – called operation interceptmex thinks this is breach of trust tenions between countries – 80s and 90sUS mad - camarena murder
Mex mad - us unilateralism (operation Casablanca) and violations of mex sovereignty (abduction of dr machain)Merinda initiative – 2008 – 3 yr agreement for US support for mex security measuresUnder Obama – us and ex focus on weapons traffick and bulk cash smugglingWidespread avail of guns in us – accessible market for illegal weapons trafficking to mex, where prohibited3. Mexicos domestic effortsMexico law enforcement and judicial instit – limitations in capacity and dysfunactional – cant combat ordinary crime or org crimeCalderon – tens of thousands of troops were deployed throughout the country – effectiveness was questionedSome states had higher rates of violenceTroop deployments displaced violence – balloon effectOrg crime – some police have ties with Recruit military– promise better pay and more food 2011 – protest against calderon – too much violence – “no more blood” – shows public is unhappy with securitycalderon insists on mil involve because the institutional weakness, corruption, and overall lack of professionalism in countries domestic police forcescalderon reforms – reorg law enforce agencied and expand their prerogatives rather than promoting accountability, community policing, and problem solving in the matter of a dem Police forcecalderon 2009 – leg – more investigatives powers to SSP (Pub sec ministry)new federal Police Force (PF)replace AFI ( fed agency of inv) with fed ministral policeProspective scenarios and policy recs3 scearios :1. complicity with org crime2. confrontation3. tolerance of drug consumpt (regulate)Lagos, Ricardo. 2012. The Southern Tiger: Chile’s Fight for a Democratic and Prosperous Future. ForewardLagos = socialistFirst chile’s minister of educationNo $ in budget for reforms when he started as presBuilt small libraries - $ avail and donationsAsk teachers to innovate4 years later – highway improvements – tolls
global trade – essential for chile’s futurelagos starts during financial recessionunemploymentinfrastructure improve- remain when econ recoveredfight inequality in chileLamb, James Gerardo. 2015. "A Time to Choose." The Berkeley Review of Latin American Studies. Fall. pp 9-13.

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