Computer programs and original compilations of data

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Computer programs and original compilations of data are treated as literary works and thus 254 P.L. 107-273 is available online at: http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/D?d107:1:./. 255 WTO document WT/DS176/1, IP/D/20, 15 July 1999. 256 WTO documents WT/DS176/R, 6 August 2001 and WT/DS176/ABR, 2 January 2002. 257 WTO documents WT/DS176/12, 7 January 2003, and WT/DS176/13, 3 July 2003.
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United States WT/TPR/S/126 Page 96 subject to copyright protection . Claims for copyright may be registered in the United States at the U.S. Copyright Office. 3. The United States is a member of the WIPO Copyright Treaty and WIPO Performance and Phonograms Treaty, and a party to the Geneva Phonograms Convention. The Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 (P.L. 105-304), implemented the WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT). 258 This Act extended protection under U.S. law to works from foreign countries that have ratified the WCT and the WPPT, once those treaties came into force, namely on 6 March 2002, and 20 May 2002, respectively. 4. The United States is not a party to the Rome Convention. U.S. copyright law does not use the term "neighbouring rights" (the rights of performers, producers of sound recordings and broadcasters) separate from copyright. Instead, these rights are protected domestically through the application of the U.S. Copyright Act. For example, sound recordings are considered to be works of authorship under the Copyright Act; public performance rights for sound recordings are limited, generally applying only to digital transmissions other than digital, over-the-air broadcasts. Live musical performances are protected against unauthorized fixation by federal law. 5. The U.S. Copyright Act provides for several statutory licences and other remuneration for right-holders in the areas of cable and satellite retransmissions, mechanical reproductions of musical works, digital audio transmission services, and digital recording devices and media. Rates and terms for the statutory licences and distribution of funds collected under them are set by voluntary negotiations between the interested parties or by a Copyright Arbitration Royalty Panel (CARP). 6. During the period 2001 to mid 2003 a number of Acts amending copyright legislation were passed, including the Small Webcaster Settlement Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-321), which amended U.S.C. 17 with respect to the statutory licence for webcasting. The Technology, Education, and Copyright Harmonization Act of 2002 (Title III, Subtitle D of P.L. 107-273) updates certain provisions of the Copyright Act to facilitate the growth and development of distance education, while introducing new safeguards to limit the additional risks to copyright owners that are inherent in exploiting works in a digital format. 259 Among other changes in regulations introduced since 2001, the Copyright Office adopted in April 2003 a final rule governing the form, content, and manner of service of notices of termination of transfers and licences granted by authors on or after 1978, in compliance with the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act of 1998 (P.L. 105-298).
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