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1 it facilitates groups survival groups dont like to

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1. It facilitates group’s survival. (groups don’t like to fail, therefore seek to enforce norms that inc. chances for success) 2. It inc. predictability of group members’ behaviours. (enable group members to anticipate each other’s actions & prepare appropriate responses) 3. It reduces embarrassing interpersonal problems for group members. (prevent interpersonal discomfort, ensure satisfc’n of members) 4. It allows members to express central values of the group & clarify what is distinctive about the group’s identity. (help solidify & maintain the group) Conformity = adjusting one’s behaviour to align w/ the norms of the group - Solomon Asch’s study of conformity - group can place strong pressures on members to change their attitudes & behaviours to conform to group’s standard - can lead to –ve (conform to antisocial behaviours) & +ve (prosocial) STAGES OF GROUP AND TEAM DEVELOPMENT The Five Stage Model – interpersonal process 1 Forming characterized by much uncertainty -Uncertainty about group’s purpose, structure, leadership -Complete when members start to think of themselves as part of a team 2 Storming characterized by intragroup conflict -Members accept existence of the team, but resist constraints that the team imposes on individuality; conflict over who will control team -Complete when clear hierarchy of leadership emerges *Some teams never emerge form Storming, or move back and forth thru Storming & other stages *If remain in this stage → less ability to complete task 3 Norming characterized by close relationships & cohesiveness -Strong sense of team identity & Camaraderie -Complete when team structure solidifies; team has common expectations of def. of correct member beahviour 4 Performing when the group is fully functional -Structure fully functional & accepted; team energy moved to performing task @ hand 5 *Adjourning final stage for temp. group ; attention is directed toward wrapping up activities rather than task performance -Group prepares for disbandment -Some upbeat members: bask in group’s accomplishments -Others may be depressed over loss of camaraderie & friendships - group becomes more effective as it progresses thru 1 st 4 stages - conflict directed toward task (NOT members) can be conductive to high group performance
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P ART 2: S TRIVING FOR P ERFORMANCE - groups do NOT always proceed clearly from one stage to the next; may even go backwards; several stages may go on simultaneously I NDIVIDUAL I SSUES How do I fit in? What’s my role here? What do the others expect of me? How do I best perform? What’s next? G ROUP I SSUES Why are we here? Who’s in charge & who does what? Can we agree on roles and work as a team? Can we do the job properly? How do we disband? The Punctuated-Equilibrium Model (Prof Connie Gersick) – time challenges, deadline-oriented teams PHASE 1 1 st mtg sets group’s direction 1 st phase of group activity is one of inertia team performing @ low state (tasks not completed in coordinated fashion) forming norming TRANSITION transition takes place @ end of 1 st phase
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