Roosevelt also recognized the soviet union in 1933

This preview shows page 9 - 10 out of 12 pages.

Roosevelt also recognized the Soviet Union in 1933, hoping for trade and an alliance to form. With war-thirsty dictators seizing power in Europe and Asia, Roosevelt was eager to line up the Latin Americans to help defend the Western Hemisphere. In 1933, at the Seventh Pan-American Conference in Montevideo, Uruguay, the U.S. delegation formally endorsed nonintervention. When the Mexican government seized oil properties in 1938, American investors demanded armed intervention, but Roosevelt successfully resisted the badgering in 1941, even though the oil companies lost much of their original stake. Congress also passed the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act in 1934. 3. Explain how America gradually began to respond to the threat from totalitarian aggression while still trying to stay neutral. Though war was breaking out in Europe, Americans still kept the claim of isolationism. As early as 1934, Congress passed the Johnson Debt Default Act, which prevented nations from borrowing further in the United States. The Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937, taken together, stipulated that when the president proclaimed the existence of a foreign war, certain restrictions would automatically go into effect. No American could legally sail on a belligerent ship, sell or transport munitions to a belligerent, or make loans to a belligerent. 4. Describe FDR’s increasingly bold moves toward aiding Britain in the fight against Hitler and the sharp disagreements these efforts caused at home. During the precarious months of the Battle of Britain, debate intensified in the United States over what foreign policy to embrace. As radios told of the disaster in Britain, sympathy grew in the hearts of Americans. Thus Roosevelt faced a decision. Supporters of aid to Britain formed propaganda groups, the most potent of which was the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies. The isolationists were determined to avoid American bloodshed at all costs and they organized the America First Committee. Roosevelt moved boldly when, on September 2, 1940, he agreed to transfer to Great Britain 50 old-models, 4-funnel destroyers left over from World War I. In return, the British promised to hand over to the United States 8 defensive base sites. 5. Discuss the events and diplomatic issues in the Japanese American conflict that led up to Pearl Harbor. Japan had already gathered hate for Americans prior to WW2. But their war machines depended on imports from the U.S. and Roosevelt held off an embargo. However, in 1940, the U.S. finally imposed the first of its embargoes on Japan-bound supplies. This blow was followed in mid-1941 by a freezing of Japanese assets in the U.S. and a cessation of all shipments of gasoline. U.S. officials knew that Tokyo was preparing for war, but the U.S. couldn’t shoot first. But on December 7, 1941, Japanese bombers attacked Pearl Harbor. Germany and Italy, allies of Japan, spared Congress the indecision of debate by declaring war on December 11, 1941.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture