In this method the moisture of the scrapings are raised to by

In this method the moisture of the scrapings are

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water assisted low pressure technique has been developed (Temu, 1997). In this method the moisture of the scrapings are raised to about 11 14% by adding scrapings of fresh coconut. The bridge press is used to produce VCO at MARI. The production of virgin coconut oil (VCO) at MARI is a major breakthrough in coconut oil utilization. VCO is different from the white coconut oil by its physical form and method of extraction. VCO is obtained from mature fresh kernel by wet processing or dry processing. In wet processing fresh kernel is subjected to squeezing and the milk is obtained. The milk is subjected to mild heating and finally colourless oil is obtained. In dry processing dried grated kernels of coconut is subjected to expelling below 60 0 C by cold press to get the oil. It is a colourless, odorless oil. VCO is generally manufactured after removal of the testa, which makes it colorless, but in modern processing mills the testa is also included as it contains vitamins and antioxidants. In this oil the color is pale white. As VCO contain medium chain fatty acids, it is claimed to have several health benefits. VCO production is increasing world over due to vast health benefits and the current production is inadequate to meet the global market. Tanzania should place more emphasis on VCO production as it could be promoted in the local market and for export. Plate 16 VCO production at MARI
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27 Besides oil, several commercial products could be made from the coconut palm. These include coconut toddy, shell charcoal, wood based products, leaves and handicrafts. These are important items for diversifying the coconut industry; provide employment opportunities and incomes to the coconut growers. Coconut toddy is extracted by cutting the unopened coconut flowers and extracting the sap that oozes out. Unfermented coconut toddy is a healthy drink and when fermented it forms into an alcoholic drink. In some countries toddy is produced at industrial level for the manufacture of alcoholic drinks. Toddy could also be used for making sweeteners. Various types of handicrafts can be made from coconut palm and in many coconut growing countries this is a thriving tourist attraction. Coconut leaves are used for thatching roofs of houses and tourist hotels has been a good move to attract the tourists. These products deserve more attention of the authorities as economically viable small industries could be set up for various products. This is of particular importance as tourism plays an important component of the Tanzanian economy. Tanzania has not exploited the potential of coconut timber as a valuable wood resource for house construction, furniture making and various other purposes. In other coconut growing countries timber is used in construction works; rafters are used extensively for the roof, novel furniture such as chairs and tables, door and window frames, curios etc. When polished coconut furniture is very attractive, also very durable. The use of coconut timber could also prevent the destruction of natural forest to harvest timber, while conserving the environment. During the field visit it was observed that LYD affected and senile palms
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