- Reinforced the belief that long term prospects of the U.S. depended on the acquisition of strategic outposts in Asia and the Caribbean that could guarantee access to overseas markets. - The book, which came at a time of great technological improvement in warships, won immediate recognition abroad. - In his second book, The Influence of Sea Power upon the French Revolution and Empire, 1793–1812 (1892) - stressed the interdependence of the military and commercial control of the sea and asserted that the control of seaborne commerce can determine the outcome of wars. 15. Spanish-American War - An 1898 conflict between the United States and Spain that ended Spanish colonial rule in the Americas and resulted in the U.S. acquisition of territories in the western Pacific and Latin America. - Spain announced an armistice on April 9 - speeded up its new program to grant Cuba limited powers of self-government. - U.S. Congress issued resolutions that declared Cuba’s right to independence, - demanded the withdrawal of Spain’s armed forces from the island - authorized the use of force by President William McKinley to secure that withdrawal while renouncing any U.S. design for annexing Cuba. - Spain declared war on the United States on April 24, followed by a U.S. declaration of war on the 25th, which was made retroactive to April 21. - May 1, 1898, Commodore George Dewey led a U.S. naval squadron into Manila Bay in the Philippines. - destroyed the anchored Spanish fleet in two hours before pausing the Battle of Manila Bay to order his crew a second breakfast. - fewer than 10 American seamen were lost - Over 370 Spanish lost - Submarine malfunction
- Freeing cuba but controlling cuba - Philipines and hawaiian 16. Anti-Imperialist League - Founded in November 1898 - Included progressive reformers (Jane Addams), labor leaders (Samuel Gompers), writers (Mark Twain), and businessmen (Andrew Carnegie) - Reasons for opposition: colonial focus to draw attention away from domestic reforms; fear of cheap labor influx; and finally, excessive cost of maintaining colonies. - Most anti-Imperialists had racial reasons for opposing empire.
Essay #1 1. What is reconstruction? Explain the main stages of reconstruction, as well as its major accomplishments in terms of policy. Finally explain why Reconstruction came to an end and its legacy for the “New South.” Ultimately, in your view, was reconstruction a failure or a success? What is it? - Reconstruction, a time period that lasted from 1865-1877 and it was an effort to reunify the divided nation and integrate African Americans into society. - Two phases: Presidential Reconstruction, and Congressional, or Radical Reconstruction Presidential: - Designed primarily to shorten war and end slavery - Presidential Reconstruction describes the approach of Andrew Johnson to Reconstruction.
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