supervised the pilot and fieldwork in those locations as well as conducted key

Supervised the pilot and fieldwork in those locations

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supervised the pilot and fieldwork in those locations as well as conducted key informant interviews (KIIs) there. Each team, composed of 1 local team leader and 9 local enumerators, then proceeded to Burao and Bossasso. In these locations, team leaders also conducted KIIs. Quantitative Research Youth survey: 780 youth respondents interviewed in Somaliland and Puntland Youth sampling was conducted using a purposeful-then-randomized sampling technique. Each city was divided into four target areas along meaningful landmarks to ensure the broadest geographic and demographic coverage. Based on this division, a fieldwork plan was created to ensure that enumerators went to diverse sets of locations encompassing youth of different educational and socio-economic backgrounds in addition to those with different migration histories. In each town, at least one university campus was visited to allow for analysis around the “brain-drain” that was noted as a particular area of interest. In accordance with IOM’s request, IDP camps were not targeted, but IDPs were interviewed in other locations. Table 1 - Youth Surveys Completed Youth type Hargeysa Burao Garowe Bossasso TOTAL TARGET TOTAL ACTUAL Migrant 96 93 95 97 380 381 Non-Migrant 105 104 95 95 380 399 TOTAL 201 197 190 192 760 780
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14 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration Employer Survey: 207 Employers interviewed in Somaliland and Puntland In each city, a list of public employers and private sector employers were identified. Enumerators targeted employers in industries having potential for future growth and job creation for youth – for example, fisheries in Bossasso or construction in Garowe and Hargeysa. Among the public employers, local and international NGOs, UN agencies and the Office of the UN Resident Coordinator in Hargeysa, and governmental institutions, such as the Central Bank of Somaliland or the Ministry of Environment in Garowe, were also interviewed. Private employers ranged from self-employed to large enterprises with more than 100 employees, including hotels, telecommunication companies, retail businesses, and more. Table 2 - Employer Surveys Completed Employer type Hargeysa Burao Garowe Bossasso TOTAL TARGET TOTAL ACTUAL PUBLIC Government 12 13 9 12 100 101 Other public employers 13 13 16 13 TOTAL PUBLIC 25 26 25 25 PRIVATE Owner only 3 3 1 1 100 106 Micro-enterprise (1-5) 5 12 11 11 Small enterprise (6-50) 12 8 11 14 Medium enterprise (51-100) 2 3 1 1 Large enterprise (Over 100) 4 0 2 1 TOTAL PRIVATE 26 26 26 28 Qualitative Research 1. Key informant interviews (40): Nairobi, Hargeysa, Garowe, Burao, Bossasso The research team conducted in-depth key informant interviews in Nairobi, Hargeysa, Burao, Garowe, and Bossasso. A full list of key informants can be found in the Annex. 2. Focus Group Discussions (FGDs – 8) FGDs were designed to deepen our understanding of challenges of socio-economic youth integration, livelihoods opportunities and plans for the future, including motivating factors for migration and popular migration mechanisms and routes. Respondent youth were not
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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