not in the same disposition of placement as regional order is. Within world order , the accommodation process is not a covenant of dealings of all the actors, participating on the global arena. It is likely that the actors – partaking in a regional security- setting – have a similar share of influence 3 .. More often than not, the primary system is not as keen on intervening and influencing all the regional institutional settlements as in the Cold War period. This kind of systemic behavior is considered unipolar passivism – which is the systemic hegemon’s unwillingness to control even the remotest systemic areas and engage into full dominance. In the past decades, regionalists have delineated some answers for this new turning point in International Relations Studies. First of all, the world’s remaining superpower after the Cold War, the United States does not have at its disposal excessive resources to waste. This situation applies to great powers, also. Actually, the United States and the world’s great powers are more likely to concentrate their resources on intervention ventures in regions that fall into their most focal spheres of interest 4 , rather than on regions that do not bear the same strategic importance. To prevent the dilution of force projecting capacities, there is an evident great power retrenchment from the regions (apud Lemke:2002). Secondly, territoriality and geographic juxtaposition are still an undisputed trademark of world affairs. States are more interested in interacting and perpetuating positive links with their close neighbors, rather than initiating avenues of security and cooperation with distant states (apud Kelly:2007). This also stands for conflicting relationships and tensioned inter-state relations. Disagreements and conflicts can more frequently escalate between neighboring states. Thirdly, the regional security dynamics has an unprecedented intensity. The fixed geographical references that states have can, first of all, be enhanced, enlarged, reduced or updated through interactions with bordering states, or with states pertaining to the same region. Fourthly, great power interventions in regional security dynamics are often mediated by regional actors. In order to establish a new regional order, reinforce 3 The share of influence may not be equal, but, undoubtedly the level is comparable to the set off of the ambit of world/global influence; 4 Regions that seem attractive because of their economic potential or regions with which the bilateral dialogue has been more intense;
Regionalism and Its Shelters. The Probes of the Cold War Era and the Post-Cold War Era 67 an already existent fragile regional order, re-instate norms and principles eradicated by revisionist endogenous powers or promote their own interests, great powers need regional support. This support can best be acquired through regional alliances or through bilateral relations with those states that have the most preponderant influence upon order-producing concerns.
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