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pointed out on his writings about the Spanish sergeant who refused to surrender and in face ofcertain death, kept shouting, “Long live Spain! Long live my beloved country!”.7Ricarte onceagain made a mistake into accounting the name of the place where he improperly wrote that ithappened in the town of Salinas or Rosario instead of rightfully locating it in the village of DosRocas. This book also entails the political issues which concerns the lack of unity and loyaltyamong the Katipuneros, being divided into the Magdalo and Magdiwang factions. This wasintroduced after Ricarte’s errors where all started in a good mood of setting of the Katipunan.The first important decision of the leadership was to elevate the Magdiwang Council to a higherorgan, separate from the revolutionary municipal council.8The decision was to free the councilfrom local government affairs and to enable it to concentrate on the delicate problems of theRevolution. New officers were elected. The existence of two revolutionary councils, Magdaloand Magdiwang, was taken for granted by the people, who regarded the two groups not as rivals,but as allies, with the same scared and righteous aspirations.9National independence was thecommon goal and that kept them jointed for their purpose. Both factions regarded their unity ofpurpose as a strong and priceless bond, binding them together in defense of the country’sfreedom. But it remained to be seen whether the bond would break. The two armies were as onein their adherence to the great and sacred principles of the Katipunan. They boosted each other’smorale but it all changed when they disrespected each other. September 17, 1896. Colonel7Alvarez, The Katipunan and the Revolution: Memoirs of a General, 468Ibid, 479Ibid, 48
Arcadio Arrieta of Magdiwang reported to General Apoy, his chief, that Magdalo troops werelacking respect for Magdiwang officers, and that made it even for Magdiwang officers to becomedisrespectful back to Magdalo officers. Rank insignias were suggested by President BaldomeroAguinaldo to identify ranks in the council to pose respect towards the superior ranks. The nextday, Capt. Gen. Apoy presented to Magdiwang High Council, the Magdalo model for ranksymbols. It was unanimously approved where the Magdiwang was ordered the black shirt andred trousers while the Magdalo was white and blue-gray pinstriped rayadillo suit. Insignias wereto be worn on the cuffs of the shirt sleeves. Stripes were in red and were defined by blackcording. After all, very few were able to comply with the regulations for insignia. One of the bitter parts of this book highlighted Supremo’s bitter fate from hiscountrymen. It will be recalled that rumors about the Supremo spread trying to tarnish his nameafter the Christmas of 1896. The rumors circulated the rebel communities and some of them saysthat the Supremo is an agent hired by the friars to cause trouble; that he ran away with the funds