Emperors and pharoahs had absolute power and controlled large political

Emperors and pharoahs had absolute power and

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Emperors and pharoahs had absolute power and controlled large political Agrarian technology- irrigation, use of metal-’dawn of civilization’ III) INDUSTRIAL SOCIETIES From about 1750 to present Production of goods using advanced sources of energy to drive large machinery in factories Around 1750, ppl turned to water power and steam boilers to operate mills and factories More changes in industrial societies-refer to socio-polit unrest that led to dev of Sociology (lecture 2) e.g. rail, steamships, automobiles TV, telephone Industrialization drew ppl away from home to factories Weakened family ties and family structure, traditional values, beliefs and customs that guided agrarian life Occupational specialization Social inequality decrease because of extended schooling and greater political rights IV) POST INDUSTRIAL SOCIETIES -Using Lenski’s analysis to account for recent changes -Many industrial societies have now entered a new phase of technological development -Daniel Bell (1973) coined term post industrialism-production of information using computer technology -post industrial production depends on computers and other electronic devices that create, process, store and apply information Society uses les and less of labour force but is increased specialization -Information revolution at the heart of post industrial societies -Interconnectedness through flow of information, people and products=global culture=globalization Limits to technology
-More complex tech has made life better-prod, reduction of disease bt provides no quick fix to social problems -Gives us personal freedom bt often lack sense of community -Nuclear tech that can send the world back to Stone Age –if anybody survived at all SUMMARY OF TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGES 1.Hunting and gathering-use of simple tools to hunt animals and gather vegetation for food 2. Horticulture- use of hand tools to raise crops Pastoralism-The domestication of animals 3. Agriculture-large scale cultivation using plows harnessed to animals and more powerful energy sources 4. industrialism-Production of goods using advanced sources of energy to drive large machinery 5. Postindustrialism-The production of information using computer technology B)KARL MARX(1818-1883):SOCIETY AND CONFLICT Marx astounded by how the riches produced by new tech ended in the hands of only a few people Social Conflict-struggle between segments of society over valued resources- class conflict arising from the way society produces material goods Economic syst turned a small part of the population into capitalists- people who own and operate factories and other businesses in pursuit of profit Most of the population are labourers-Proletariats (People who sell their labour for wages) System of production leads to conflict between workers and owners of production Society composed of social institutions that eventually form society’s superstructure e.g. polit,

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