The most notable of these is social housing where a

This preview shows page 142 - 143 out of 244 pages.

We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Organizational Behavior: Science, The Real World, and You
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 2 / Exercise 3
Organizational Behavior: Science, The Real World, and You
Nelson/Quick
Expert Verified
reform of public services in a number of policy areas. The most notable of these is social housing, where a major amount of public housing stock has been transferred to representative housing associations and cooperatives. There are also a growing number of social enterprises emerging, with government support, in areas of social welfare such as aged care, disability services and childcare Community and Social Enterprise in Europe. Continental Europe comprises a range of countries with diverse cultural, political, and economic histories. While it is impossible to speak of a singular “European experience”, regional governance institutions and the academic community have supported a sustained research and policy effort around European social and community enterprise for over a decade. From 1989 to 2000 a Social Economy. Unit existed within the European commission “in recognition of the need to take account of co- operatives, mutual societies and associations in the internal market”.The DG XII of the European Commission, as part of its Targeted Socio-Economic Research (TSER) program, has provided support for the initiation of the thematic network, EMES (L’emergence des enterprises socials), which focuses on the emergence of social enterprises as a response to social exclusion in Europe (Simons, 2000). In July 2000, the responsibilities of the Social Economy Unit were integrated into Unit B3 of DG Enterprise "Crafts, Small Enterprises, Co-operatives and Mutuals" (Europa, 2007). The objectives of this unit include mainstreaming support for and recognition of social enterprise organizations into relevant EC policies and programs, establishing a supportive regulatory framework, and maintaining a research effort around the nature and scope of cooperative, mutual and associational activities in the region. Community and Social Enterprise in the United States. The United States has a long cultural history of individualism, which provides a backdrop for valuing entrepreneurship and corporate and individual philanthropy. As Salamon (1999) has described, historical resistance to government intervention in the US has led to an intricate ‘mixed economy’ of welfare that involves public, corporate and third sector provision, with the third sector playing a relatively larger role in welfare provision that in many other developed countries. A mix of earned income, government funding and private philanthropy has traditionally characterized financing of third sector welfare and development efforts. Declining rates of government funding and the relative instability of philanthropic assets in the face of global economic activity have affected the operating environment of the US nonprofit sector. The growing interest in social entrepreneurial activity in the US since the early 1990s reflects some nonprofits’ response to this changed operating environment, as well as academic and government interest in the importance of cross-sectoral partnerships in the mixed economy of welfare, and a renewed focus on revitalizing distressed urban and urban fringe communities. The US experience has involved a dual emphasis on developing individual social entrepreneurs with
We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Organizational Behavior: Science, The Real World, and You
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 2 / Exercise 3
Organizational Behavior: Science, The Real World, and You
Nelson/Quick
Expert Verified

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture