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greater influence? Nature versus nurture is one of the oldest debates in psychology as it centers on genetic inheritance and environmental factors in regards to human development. I chose the article of the five-factor model of personality as it depicts the five basic dimensions of personality. These traits are broad and are described as extraversion, agreeableness, openness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism. Each of the five personality factors range between two extremes and most people fall somewhere between the two spectrums. People who relate to openness are creative, adventurous, and up to new challenges. Conscientiousnessindividuals are organized, attentive to detail, and anal retentive. An extraversion person is one who is sociable, talkative, and enjoys being the center of attention. Individuals who identify withagreeableness are often kind, affectionate, and empathetic. Neuroticism people are moody, 13
emotionally unstable, and worrisome. Behavior encompasses an interaction between person’s personality, as well as social happenings. The situation that an individual finds themselves in greatly impacts how the person reacts. People offer responses that are congruent with their underlying personality traits. 14
Chapter 4: Humanistic Approach Source: Website #1: Humanistic Theory-theoryThis video depicts the branch of psychology known as Humanism. In this video, we learn what theorists believe is the development of human personality. Website #2: Q-methodologyThis article gives a brief overview of the Q sort assessment as a methodology used to analyze a series of responses. It depicts an individual using a deck of cards to rank them according to how they range on the issues addressed. 15
Article: Gallagher, V. C., Maher, L. P., Gallagher, K. P., & Valle, M. (2017). Development and Validation of a Comprehensive Work-Related Needs Measure.Psychological Reports,120(5), 914-942. doi:10.1177/0033294117709259In this article, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is used in comparison to the work environment and employee needs for development and validation. The researchers define the psychological needs, highlight extensive research, identify limitations with the hierarchy of needs, and introduce their own model of needs. The researchers discuss that an individual’s needs and what drives them for each, are different for all (Gallagher, V, Maher, Gallagher, K, & Valle, 2017). Positive outcomes, such as positive work attitude, job satisfaction, positive performance are all indicators of the psychological needsbeing met in a work environment. Subsequently, a decrease in job fulfillment can diminish an employee, causing dysfunction within the organization. Therefore, it is imperative to accurately assess the individual needs in order to positively understand and properly manage a team (Gallagher, et al, 2017). In the work environment, employees tend to gravitate towards situations that are most advantageous to their needs. Personality differences are evident in all