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29Gonzalez, 229.30Ibid.31McGrath, 268.10
to Arminianism.32At Synod of Dort, Remonstrants are branded as “proto-Catholics”, and the orthodox Reformed faith was clearly stated in five principles, known as TULIP.33Calvin’s Method of TULIPThe five principals of Calvinism’s TULIP was stated at the Synod Dort. TULIP stands for: T-Total Depravity, U-Unconditional Election, L-Limited Atonement, I-Irresistible Grace andP- Perseverance of the Saints. A simple explanation and logic will be given as an introductory base of the Calvinist system. Total Depravity. In the word of God, it states that because Adam sinned against God allhumankind is not able to effectively reply to God unless they use Divine Intervention.34People are just like Adam and are a considered rebels weakened by their sins, and they are considered “dead in sin” not just hurt by the influence of Adam’s fall, but bodies who need God to rejuvenate them so that they can have a happy connection with the Father.35Due to the grace of God we belong to him, and we become new creatures and make new people. Unconditional Election. When it comes to unconditional election, it states that humankind is completely immoral and not able to accept God, and there isn’t anything that is more important than God’s decision to give salvation to man. It is God’s decision to save man, 32McGrath, 269.33Hill, 269.34Gregory Boyd and Paul Eddy, Across the Spectrum: Understanding Issues in Evangelical Theology, (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2002), 134. 35Ibid.11
and his motive for undertaking this is clearly up to God, not to up to man. According to 2 Timothy 1:9, Paul stated “he saved us and called us according to his own purpose and grace. Thisgrace was given to us in Christ Jesus before the ages began.” Calvinists use 2 Timothy 1:9 with Ephesians 1:4-5 to back up the belief that prior to the world being formed, God made the decision to save some his people from a few who sinned, and he didn’t do it because of the harmony of their work but because of the harmony of his purpose.36Limited Atonement. Limited atonement is one the most contested of the beliefs. The idea states that Christ’s death is enough for the sins of the entire world, but his death was just meant to save those God had already decided to save. Because Jesus doesn’t coincide with God, he couldn’t “waste” his precious blood on who were fated to be destroyed.37As based on the word in John 10:14-16 and 25-29, because Jesus is aware of the Father’s purpose for mankind, he knew from the beginning who was his and who wasn’t, and he also is aware of who God attracts and who he doesn’t.38It would be unpredictable for Jesus to apologize for sins of people that he already knows won’t come to him and are not his and who don’t want to be saved.