The ultimate source of maqasid al shariah is the Quran and the Sunnah They are

The ultimate source of maqasid al shariah is the

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The ultimate source of maqasid al-shari’ah is the Qur’an and the Sunnah. They are found in the text explicitly or implicitly. Therefore, intellectual reasoning play significant role in elaboration of those comprehensive objectives which are relevant to every aspect of life. The Qur’anic statements on economics lay down the ethical guidelines and principle as the foundation for an Islamic values system in economics, instead of supplying operational mechanism for
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How the system would work. Since shari’ah is designed on the basis of and for the purpose of human benefit, maqsid al-shari’ah constitute the various dimensions of human needs. Their fulfilment will create balanced satisfaction in human life at the individual and societal levels, hence realizing human wellbeing. Maqasid encompass the micro and macro dimensions of individual and collective life.
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With regard to finance the maqasid al-shari’ah refer to the overall goal and meanings that shari’ah aims to achieve from its principles and rulings related to the financial activities and transactions. The discussion of maqasid in the literature on Islamic finance is usually framed in term of the protection of the wealth. This approach is justified as the subject matter of finance is basically how to allocate resources from the surplus sector(capital provider) to the deficit sector (capital user) so that wealth is smoothly circulated and human welfare is realized.
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To conclude, necessities are wants whose non-satisfaction would result in a reduction of work efficiency of a person, while, addition of comforts is likely to improve it. Satisfaction of luxuries may have little impact on efficiency, may even reduce it, if the consumption is injurious to health
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