41. German social scientist Max Weber stressed that sociologists should employ __________ (understanding or insight) to gain the ability to see the world as others see it. a. verstehen b. positivism c. social facts d. social dynamics Answer: a Page: 15 LO: 11
The Sociological Perspective and Research Process 10 42. German sociologist Georg Simmel analyzed how social interactions vary depending on the __________. He concluded that interaction patterns differed between a dyad and a triad. b Page: 16 LO: 11 43. Sociologist W.E.B. Du Bois observed that a dual heritage creates conflict for people of color: an identity conflict of being black and American. Du Bois referred to this duality as __________. a Page: 17 LO: 2 44. A __________ is defined as a set of logically interrelated statements that attempts to describe, explain, and (occasionally) predict social events. c Page: 17 LO: 12 45. __________ perspectives are based on the assumption that society is a stable, orderly system. a. Functionalist b. Conflict c. Interactionist d. Developmental Answer: a Page: 18 LO: 12 46. Based on the __________ perspective, a society is composed of interrelated parts, each of which (ideally) contributes to the overall stability of the society. c Page: 18 LO: 12
Chapter 1 11 47. The __________ states that societies develop social structures, or institutions that persist because they play a part in helping society survive. These institutions include the family, education, government, religion, and the economy. d Page: 18 LO: 12 48. From a functionalist perspective, the husband/father performs the __________ tasks, which involve leadership and decision-making responsibilities in the home and employment outside the home to support the family. b Page: 18 LO: 12 49. From a functionalist perspective, the wife/mother is responsible for the __________ tasks, including housework, caring for the children, and providing emotional support for the entire family. a. expressive b. instrumental c. compatible d. independent Answer: a Page: 18 LO: 12
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