Memory required to solve a problem at hand reading

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Memory required to solve a problem at hand Reading, talking, listening to someone speak Long-term Memory Capacity to store a vast amount of information Explicit memory   conscious (intentionally recall) Implicit memory   unconscious (motor skills   riding bike) Amnesia – loss of memory Anterograde amnesia   difficult to form new memories
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Retrograde amnesia   memory before injury is lost Stress Hormones & Memory Stress hormones signal our brain that something exciting or stressful has occurred Flashbulb memory Clear memory for event Emotional context Retrieving  – getting info out Recall – very specific (essay questions) Recognition – have alternatives (multiple choice) Context effects External environment affects ability to retrieve memory State-dependent memory Mood can affect ability to retrieve Same state = better memory = easier to retrieve Forgetting Inability to retrieve information (could also be issue with encoding or storing) Some things not encoded (Ex. the pennies) Storage decay (loss through non-use) Retrieval failure “Tip-of-the-tongue” Interference   proactive, retroactive
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Repression Memory Construction Fancy dinner story   couldn’t remember where the menu came from… so said the  waiter gave it to us Encode the memory as we think it should be Misinformation and Imagination Effects Misinformation Effect We incorporate misleading information into our memories Imagination Effect Imagine non-existent events   false memories Imagining events activates same areas of the brain as when events are actually  perceived How to implant a false memory Paint a vivid picture Repeat to them later Ask them details about the “event” “Bugs Bunny Effect” video Source Amnesia We retain information, but not the context in which we acquired it Discerning True and False Memories False memories created by suggested misinformation and misattributed sources may  FEEL as real as true memories and may be very persistent Abuse Repressed or constructed???
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Thinking and Language Thinking Process that involves knowing, understanding, remembering, and communicating. Mental activities involved in thinking: Concepts Problem solving Decision making Concepts Mental grouping of objects, events, or people Chair = high chair, dentist chair, recliner Some are learned through definitions Some are formed through typical examples (prototypes) They speed and guide the way that we think Problem Solving Strategies include: Trial-and-error Algorithms Step-by-step procedure for solving a problem Guaranteed to work   recipe or formula Exhausting because you try every possibility  Heuristics Simple strategies that allow us to solve problems efficiently Insight
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