An aging population in the united states underscores

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An aging population in the United States underscores a potential skill gap in the future. As thoseemployees in the baby-boom generation retire—the 78 million people born between 1946 and1964—the US workforce will lose the skills, knowledge, experience, and relationships possessedby the more than a quarter of all Americans. This situation will likely create skill shortages infast-growing technical fields.
NOTE: These are results from a recent meta-analysis of 118 studies involving over 52,000people. The researchers wanted to investigate the relationship between age and 10 dimensions ofperformance: core task performance, creativity, performance in training workshops, helpingbehavior at work, safety performance, counterproductive work behaviors, aggression at work,substance abuse, tardiness, and absenteeism. Results demonstrated that older workers displayedmore helping and safety-oriented behavior. Older workers also exhibited less workplaceaggression, substance abuse, tardiness, and absenteeism. Age was predominantly unrelated tocore task performance, creativity, and performance in training workshops. The researchersconcluded that “these observations suggest either that older workers are as motivated as youngerworkers to contribute to their organizations or that they are more consciously engaged indiscretionary behaviors to compensate for any losses in technical core performance.III. Managing Implications of Demographic DiversityA. Managing Gender-Based Diversity – Women also can help their own cause byfollowing seven recommendations proposed by Alice Eagly and Linda Carli, authors ofThroughthe Labyrinth.1). Focus on being exceptionally competent and seek mentors for differentpurposes. Second, build social capital. Social capital represents the totality of one’s professionaland personal relationships.
2). Learning to play the game of golf may represent one viable strategy in thispursuit. For example, Susan Reed, editor in chief ofGolf for Women,concluded that “[w]omenare just now learning what men have known for years: that golf may be one of the bestrelationship-building tools there is—both for business and for pleasure. Women resist going outfor the afternoon because they’re generally too responsible, shortsightedly so. Like men, theyneed to realize that leaving the work on the desk (which will be there anyway) and going out toplay golf with a valuable business prospect is a good decision.”3). Third, seek work-life balance by delegating housework or hiring domestichelp.4). Fourth, improve your negotiating skills.5). Fifth, take credit for your accomplishments; men do.6). Sixth, work toward creating a partnership with your spouse that leads to amutually supportive relationship.7). Finally, develop an interpersonal style that balances the need to be assertiveand communal.

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