The stages are described from the paper as follows.Table 3.1: The original matrix
Subscribe to view the full document.
A DesignImplementationMatrixProducts Environment InformationFinishedproducts Components Buildings Machines Equipment Internal ExternalAuditAdvisePlanSpecifySuperviseDemonstrateImplementSilent Design 59to audit. An attempt should be made to audit every product with the view to��ensuring that it adheres as closely as possible to the design principles of theorganization.to advise. It will certainly be useful prior to or during an audit procedure ��tooffer advice on design modifications which will help this happen.to plan. Better still, as part of the general planning process for all ��products, attemptsshould be made to establish design planning guidelines.to specify. As a more rigorous planning procedure for certain products it ��will bedesirable to establish actual specifications for the design of those products.to demonstrate. As a way of demonstrating the effectiveness of a ��specification,it is sometimes useful to design directly and make either a model of theproduct, or the first of a production run, or a fully completed detail. (An examplemight be the first of a chain of shops for which a specification has beenestablished.)to implement. The deepest level of involvement: actually undertaking the ��implementationyourself.Employed as an analytical tool, the original matrix was our first formal step indevelopinga picture of the use of design in organizations. It also permitted those organizationswho were considering developing the strategies for design to understand howbroad the scope for design could be.In dealing with the operational and organizational issues as they interact with thedesign process, the literature on complex and developing organizations has providedsome useful definitions which have assisted in clarifying our task. One such is a workingguideline of the roles of purposes of people within an organization, taken fromLawrence and Lorsch (1969).An organisation is the coordination of different activities of individual contributorsto carry out planned transactions with the environment.Lawrence and Lorsch also describe an organization as a system of differentiated�units which require integration and the view of the individual contributor as a complexproblem solving system himself (1969). This in particular is appropriate to �theissues that emerged in the organizations that were talked to during the pilot study.In all cases the authors asked the organizations to direct them to those peoplethey considered to be the most active participants in design projects. This was toenable the authors to gain insight into the way the organization and the
individualconceptualized their activity over design. On analysing the data received by using theoriginal matrix, the authors discovered that the matrix itself needed development.
As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.
Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern
I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.
University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern
The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.
Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern
Ask Expert Tutors
You can ask 0 bonus questions
You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon)
You can ask 0 questions
(will expire )