What is a social fact We know that Durkheim wants to develop sociology as a

What is a social fact we know that durkheim wants to

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What is a social fact? We know that Durkheim wants to develop sociology as a discipline, an objective science on who’s basis we are able to say the truth, objective things about social life.He also makes the distinction between INDIVIDUAL and COLLECTIVE consciousness. COLLECTIVE externalized.INDIVIDUAL internalized.Social facts are objective because it does not rely on individual consciousness or is not affected by individual agency.Myths are social facts and so are collective practices and people’s moral beliefs.The first characteristics: Social facts are external and independent. Its consists in manners of acting, thinking and feeling that are external to individuals. These ways of acting thinking and feeling are external in the sense that they exist prior to our own existence. As a new born, we are born into that. They also exist outside individual consciousness. Social facts exist whether we are conscious of it or not and they are not subject to our opinions or individual will. To be a social fact it has to be empirical!! NOT SUBECT TO OUR WILL! Maybe I can want the birth rate to be different but my will does not change the facts or statistics.
The second characteristics:Durkheim argues that social facts are constraining and it is a great way of become aware of them. He asks how we know that social facts exist!Well, one of the ways we know is that when we violate them, they impose themselves upon us, make themselves known to us through sanctions and punishments.If I decide to pick my nose at a family dinner, people will react. I am violating a social fact.We are not aware of the vast majority of social facts because we internalized them at a very young age. It is only when we or someone violates them, we become aware of them.The last characteristics:Social facts are general, which means they are collective. Durkheim tells us that they are collective beliefs, thoughts, feelings, practices etc. of a group.If you eat in a conventional way, it is a social fact. A collective practice: In Canada, we tend to use credit cards to make purchases. This is a social fact. Social facts can be trends! Yoga as a stress manager is a trend therefore a social fact.2. Stability of social facts -Structural facts are the most stable types of social facts or social phenomenon.Examples would be the forms of dwellings in a social group or the technologies of communications or even the distribution of the population.-Institutionalized norms are quite stable but not as fixed. They are habits, customs, legal rules, religion dogmas. This is a typology. -Social currents are the least stable types of social facts. It is about movement, fluid, less permanent! An example would be the current of opinion or popular opinion. Or a particular factlike the Pokémon. Transitory outbursts of enthusiasm or a revolution also fit in these social currents.

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