3 the iterative process 4 the waterfall model 5 the

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3. The iterative process 4. The waterfall model 5. The agile software development methodology 6. The XP (Extreme programming) 7.The ISO 9000 methodology – provided by the International Standards Organization 8.The ISO 15504 model – also provided by the International Standards organization 9. The Capability Maturing Model Integration (CMMI) which replaced the former Capability Maturing Model (CMM) 10. Six Sigma methodology. 11. The Test Driven Development (TDD) 29. Describe the abbreviation OOAD as used in Object Oriented Programming. The term OOAD is an abbreviation of the phrase Object Oriented Analysis and Design. Contrary to the traditional programming, also called procedural programming whereby the entire code of a given program is written line by line, from scratch. There is a new more powerful approach to software development or simply programming referred to as the Object Technology where predefined objects pertaining to particular situations are pre-designed by experienced software engineers and then the programmers just call them into their code in order to implement a given function in their code. Just the way experienced civil engineers design building blocks for particular situations in a particular house so that the inexperienced mason just lays them appropriately in order to end up with a nice house is the way experienced software engineers make these objects. This helps even novice programmers to use the objects to build nice computer software or a program. It is the analysis and design of these objects with intention to make good software that is referred to as Object Oriented Analysis and Design, the OOAD. Programming languages that use the Object Technology include C++, JAVA, and the PHP among others.
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30. Describe the meaning of the term data mapping. By definition, the term data mapping is the process by which a system developer creates data element mappings that relates two models of data (databases) in order to assist in data integration. This usually assists in the following manner: i) Data mediation or transformation between the source and the destination of data ii) Assisting in data lineage analysis by identifying the data relationships iii) Assists in data masking by discovering sensitive data iv) Assists in data de-identification process v) Assists in consolidating multiple databases into one thus identification of redundant columns and advising the developers for consideration or even elimination. 31. Describe the term black box testing. Black box testing is the type of testing whereby the entire unit is tested as a whole without considering the contents or even how the inner components of the unit under test work, the tester’s only consideration is to enter a known input signal and check whether the output behavior is the one expected out of that unit given his input signal.
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