Albert spalding timeline continued 1884 new york

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Albert Spalding Timeline (continued) 1884 New York branch store = national market 1888-89 world baseball tour (global market) 1890s bought out competitors 1890s sold bicycles, skating, golf, tennis, football, fishing, hunting equipment 1907 Mills Commission (Doubleday myth)
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Sport Entrepreneurs – George Pullman Builder of railroad sleeper cars Built entire town south of Chicago to house workers, provided control But also provided magnificent athletic facilities Pullman Athletic Association incorporated 1882 (first industrial rec program in U.S.; modeled by other companies)
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Gendered Sport, Class, and Social Roles Pastimes for working-class women pedestrianism, boxing White middle- and upper-class women found socially acceptable forms of exercise croquet, tennis, women’s colleges, skating corsets, constrictive clothing still problematic other woman’s rights efforts (divorce rights, suffrage) also occurring
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Amateurism vs. Professionalism Stereotyping that professionals could be bought off by gamblers Upper class doubted motives of getting paid This mindset, however, conflicted with competitive American character (e.g., coaches were hired to help win) Governing bodies created to regulate; N4A failure led to AAU
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  • Fall '19
  • Test, Major League Baseball, Albert Spalding

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