2 food stamps coupons that can be used to buy food 3

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2. Food Stamps Coupons that can be used to buy food. 3. Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) 1935-1996 AFDC provided payments to families with children, usually one-parent. (states and feds) This was the backbone of the welfare system. 4. Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) 1997-present A block grant system allowing states to design their own cash assistance programs. 5. Supplemental Security Income Cash payments to aged, blind, or disabled people whose income is below a certain amount. 6. Earned Income Tax Credit Families near poverty line receive tax credit for each dollar earned up to a certain point. 7. General Assistance State-funded and administered programs, which help individuals on an emergency basis who are not eligible for other aid. - Also available are various housing assistance programs and job-training programs. 2. Early Social Welfare For centuries societies considered family welfare a private, not a public concern. Social pressures were enough to make people accept their family responsibilities. An implied contract
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6 ISS 225 Power, Authority, Exchange Poverty existed between one generation and the next. Parents took care of their children and elderly. After the turn of the century there was a breakdown in traditional family-based support networks. Growth of large depersonalized cities and requirements of the urban workforce, the government was impelled to take a more active role in social welfare support. Changes in the patterns of government support for the needy were incremental in nature. Little change until a crisis occurred. A major change in how Americans viewed government's role in providing social welfare came during the Great Depression. 3. The New Deal and the Elderly After the Great Depression Americans realized families could not always have the resources to look after one another as they would like. External circumstances beyond the control of individuals or their families began to be seen as major contributors to poverty. In 1935 the government responded to these changes by passing the Social Security Act. This act brought government into the equation of one generation's obligation to another. Adults could put their own children, not their parents, first. 1965 Medicare freed people from paying their elder parent's medical expenses. Social Security and Medicare became the fastest growing parts of the federal budget. 4. President Johnson and the Great Society The next biggest change in social welfare policy came in the 1960s. In the 1960s America experienced an outpouring of federal programs (grants) to help the poor and elderly, to create economic opportunities and to reduce discrimination. These programs were established under the Great Society of President Lyndon Johnson. Johnson’s antipoverty programs included Community development programs, Medicare, school aid programs, job training programs, and others.
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