The observation by some authors was thus confirmed

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participate in all the reviews of legislation and policies. The observation by some authors was thus confirmed that advocacy is a multi-faceted process involving many actors, and enable different stakeholders and duty-bearers to participate in a decision-making process. The child labour committees became significant focal points not only on child labour, but also for other issues affecting children in the districts. They enhanced coordination of activities in the targeted districts. They also brought child-related issues to the attention of the national level. 5.3 At National Level Advocacy at the district level did not only lead to the establishment of systems at that particular level, but also to the creation of systems at the national level – in Kenya known as a Coalition on Child Rights and Child Protection in Kenya. This saw the formulation and drafting of a policy on child labour and the enactment of Children Act 2001, which established a legal body for children, i.e. 10 Ibid. p. 18
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CMI REPORT THE ROLE OF ADVOCACY AGAINST CHILD LABOUR 2015: 2 18 National Council for Children Services that replaced the Coalition, which at any rate was an informal arrangement. The Coalition also created a mechanism to improve child protection, not only by creating child protection teams in some 42 districts, but also the establishment of a national child protection system. In fact, this was the origin of the development of Kenya’s Framework on Child Protection System which became a reality in 2010. 6 Challenges that the Advocacy Strategy Faced ANPPCAN’s advocacy strategy to combat child labour in Kenya by targeting 13 districts yielded major results, which ranged from pushing the agenda of child labour, both at local, district and national levels to creating systems, better known as child labour committees, a concept which has been used by many stakeholders in Kenya in general and by ILO/IPEC in other countries in the world, in its efforts to fight child labour. Through advocacy, communities and duty-bearers in the targeted districts were mobilized to start responding to child labour, especially its worst form. The strategy enhanced ownership, coordination of efforts, pooling of resources, scaling up of activities and monitoring child labour from district, divisional to school levels, through creating other related structures such as help- desks, child rights clubs where parents, children and duty-bearers were fully involved. The advocacy brought in inter-organizational coordination, which was inter-sectoral and multi- disciplinary in nature. It provided an opportunity for groups working at the district level to pool resources and share information. The advocacy efforts went further to bring child labour concerns up from the local level to the national level, which led to the creation of the Coalition on Child Rights and Child Protection, a structure that brought in key duty-bearers as far as child labour is concerned at national level. This development saw the formulation of a child labour policy, the enactment of the
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  • Spring '17
  • Districts of Kenya, Nairobi, Child labour, Ministry of Labour

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