to that because three-fourths of women and half of men infected have no symptoms. Symptoms for chlamydia appear in one to three weeks after exposure. Unusual discharge, burning sensation when urinating or frequent urination as well as a low grade fever are common symptoms of chlamydia. The CDC recommends yearly chlamydia testing for all sexually active women aged 25 and younger, older women with risk factors such as new sex partner or multiple sex partners, and all pregnant women. There are two lab tests to diagnose chlamydia, a urine sample or fluid from the man's penis or the woman's cervix. Chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics. Untreated chlamydia for women can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease can also lead to ectopic pregnancy and sterility. Receptive anal intercourse may lead to chlamydial infection in the rectum, which can cause rectal pain, discharge, or bleeding. Oral sex with an infected partner can lead to chlamydia in the throats of women and men. Principal Bacterial STIs: Gnorrhea
Lecture Notes Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported notifiable disease in the United States and 700,000 people are infected annually. Gonorrhea is transmitted during vaginal, anal, or oral sex with an infected person. The organism thrives in the warm, moist environment provided by the mucous membranes lining the mouth, throat, vagina, cervix, urethra, and rectum. Though some infected men may be asymptomatic, men tend to experience the symptoms of gonorrhea more readily than women. It is popularly referred to as "the clap" or "the drip," because early symptoms include a watery discharge from the penis or increased vaginal discharge. Other symptoms include burning and pain during urination. If untreated, the disease soon produces other symptoms, such as thick yellow or greenish discharge, increasing discomfort or pain with urination, and painful or swollen testicles. Up to 80% of women with gonorrhea show no symptoms or very mild symptoms, which they tend to ignore. Untreated gonorrhea can cause sterility in both sexes, ectopic pregnancy, prostate damage, epididymitis, scarring of the urethra in men, and testicular pain. It is diagnosed using a urine or sample from the infected body part. Gonorrhea is curable with several antibiotics. However, emergence of drug- resistant strains of gonorrhea is making successful treatment more difficult. Image: McGraw Hill
Principal Bacterial STIs: Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) Lecture Notes Urinary Tract infection (UTI) is the inflammation of the urethra. It can result from sexual exposure and noninfectious conditions. An inadequate cleansing after urination and bowel movements can cause of UTIs. It is caused by several different bacteria including chlamydia, which is the most common and serious. It is transmitted through vaginal, anal, and oral sex, and perinatally. Symptoms of a UTI include burning sensation when urinating, burning or itching, white or yellow discharge. UTIs are usually diagnosis through urethritis or a chlamydia culture. The lab test looks for unusual discharge from the penis or the vagina. Treatment includes antibiotics. If left untreated, urinary tract infections results in permanent damage to the reproductive organs for men and women and problems with pregnancy.
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- Spring '08
- Human Sexuality, Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior, Human papillomavirus