g Rohpy How should colleges deal with sexual assault accusations Should sexual

G rohpy how should colleges deal with sexual assault

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Many other “date rape drugs” out there (e.g. Rohpynol) How should colleges deal with sexual assault accusations Should sexual assault accusations be dealt with by college disciplinary procedures (in which case suspension or expulsion is most severe punishment) Law enforcement officials Services are available for rape victims Getting medical attention Although all healthy care providers are required to report to the police, the victim is not obligated to do so Physical and psychological injuries must be assessed Counseling (may help “victims” of rape become “survivors” Rape can inflict long-lasting psychological injury Denial of a person’s autonomy in a very intimate aspect of their life Rape trauma syndrome (can also be marked by severe sexual problems) Partners, family and friends can offer practical and emotional support o Help by creating a culture that rejects rape (not joking about it) Therapy Recovery from rape does not happen over night, but most people are eventually able to recover (“survivors”) Male victims have special concerns Little or no support from peers May feel guilty themselves May develop problems revolving around their sexual orientation Rape in prisons (concept of power not sexual desire) Rape laws have become more protective of victims Countries differ in their thoughts of rape and prosecution Prior to 1970s o Women may be viewed as having voluntarily placed themselves at the man’s disposal (e.g. prostitutes, couples) o Rape laws previously used to protect “omen of virtue” o Demonstrating a woman was of “unchaste character” was an acceptable form of defense for the perpetrator
Reforms began in 1970s o Rape shield laws – protect the rape victims (e.g. by limiting the introduction of evidence about their prior sexual behavior) o No longer necessary to prove that coitus occurred Majority of Rapists go unpunished o About half of all men arrested for rape are convicted Why do man rape? Different perspectives Evolutionary roots o Human capacity for rape is either an adaptation itself or a byproduct of adaptive traits (rape’s reproductive costs and benefits) Social Forces o Rape is a learned behavior o US society as a rape prone culture (due to dominant patriarchal ideology Think about rape and military policy Read box 16.3 on “comfort women” Theorists have debated whether rape is sexual o It seems likely that sexual desire play a significant role Characteristics of Rapists Lower socioeconomic status, less education, worse relationships with parents, self centered, lower capacity for empathy (definitely not conclusive evidence however) Intervention Programs are of Uncertain Value Programs may reduce recidivism but effect is small Rape prevention programs aimed at adolescents have been developed o But outcome isn’t looking too promising, although this may be because the programs are aimed at to old of an age group o Key step in preventing violence among adults: Promote empathy!

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