C are less able to be tested scientifically d are

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c. are less able to be tested scientifically. d. are based on people’s unconscious conflicts. ANS: A DIF: Difficult OBJ: 12.2a MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 34. Tom was hungry, so he went to a fast-food restaurant. He did not have any money, so when a young girl left her burger unattended, Tom quickly grabbed her burger and left. According to the psychodynamic theory of personality, his actions were most likely driven by his a. defense mechanisms. b. id. c. ego. d. superego. ANS: B DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2a MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 35. Andy is an angry child whose aggressive behavior has gotten him into trouble. His parents decide to put him in sports to channel some of this anger into a healthier and more productive outlet. According to the psychodynamic theory of personality, his parents are trying to use the defense mechanism of a. displacement. b. repression. c. reaction formation. d. sublimation. ANS: D DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2a MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 36. Ken wants a new CD but does not want to buy it. He knows that he can download it for free but that it is illegal. Or he can buy just a few tracks online. Ken wants to steal the music but knows it is wrong. According to psychodynamic theory Ken has a conflict between his __________ and __________. a. superego; ego
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b. id; ego c. subego; superego d. id; superego ANS: D DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2a MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World 37. Ryan’s sister is visiting for Thanksgiving. She always gets on Ryan’s nerves, and this year is no exception. While walking the dog after dinner, Ryan may reveal this conflict unconsciously by being strict with the dog. Ryan’s behavior is best explained by the __________ defense mechanism. a. rationalization b. reaction formation c. displacement d. projection ANS: C DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2a MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 38. Raj is unconsciously attracted to his best friend’s wife, Bernadette. But consciously, whenever Raj talks about Bernadette, he says how dumb and ugly she is. This example best demonstrates the __________ defense mechanism. a. projection b. reaction formation c. displacement d. sublimation ANS: B DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2a MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 39. Anita takes a personality test online. The results say she is high on the extraversion dimension of personality and she is likely to be assertive and energetic. The online personality test most likely used the __________ approach to personality. a. cognitive b. psychodynamic c. humanistic d. trait ANS: D DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2a MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 40. Katie is very particular. She likes her apartment to be overly organized and things have to be done correctly or she gets upset. According to psychodynamic theory, Katie is most likely fixated at the __________ phase of psychosexual development.
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